In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Quran: Chapter 6 ‘La Yuhibbu’ ‘Does not like’, Sura: 5 ‘Al Maidah’ ‘The Table spread with food’, Verse: 6
Verse 6: O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salat (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up tp the ankles. If you are in a state of Jananba, purify yourselves (bathe your whole body). But if you are ill or on a journey, or any of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women, and you find no water, then perform tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allah does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His favour to you that you may be thankful.
[ Meanings by samia2010: Jananba: state after having sexual intercourse or ejaculation. tayammum: substitution for wudu' and/or ghusl.
wudu means a minor ritual ablution of certain parts of the body. http://www.al-islam.org/laws/contemporary/glossary.html )
ablution: the washing of one's body or part of it with water (as in a religious rite).
ghusl means to take bath with clean water, to wash and clean whole body]
Explanation by Ibne Kathir: [The respected Imam, Abu Al-Fida', `Imad Ad-Din Isma il bin 'Umar bin Kathir Al-Qurashi Al-Busrawi- born in Busra 701 H- died in Damascus in 774 H// b. 1301 Christian Era– d. 1373CE. http://www.dar-us-salam.com/authors/hafiz-ibn-kathir.htm ]
The Order to Perform Wudu:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ …
O you who believe!
… إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاةِ …
When you stand for (intend to offer) the Salah,
Allah commanded performing Wudu for the prayer. This is a command of obligation in the case of impurity, and in the case of purity, it is merely a recommendation.
It was said that in the beginning of Islam, Muslims had to perform Wudu for every prayer, but later on, this ruling was abrogated.
(Meaning from samia2010: put an end to. Synonyms: cancel – abolish – annul – rescind – repeal – revoke)
Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, recorded that Sulayman bin Buraydah said that his father said,
[From samia2010: Full name Imam Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hambal (164 A.H. /780 CE. -- 241 A.H. / 855 CE) http://www.renaissance.com.pk/mjuletfor96.html ]
“The Prophet used to perform Wudu before every prayer. On the Day of Victory, he performed Wudu and wiped on his Khuffs and prayed the five prayers with one Wudu.
[From samia2010: The meaning of the khuff is that which is worn upon the foot being made of leather and it’s likes. The meaning of Jawaarab is that which is worn on the foot being made of cotton and it’s likes, and it is what is referred to commonly as shurraab (socks, stockings) http://www.guidedones.com/metapage/salat/fatawa_wudu.htm ]
Umar said to him, `O Messenger of Allah! You did something new that you never did before.’
The Prophet said,
إني عمدا فعلته يا عمر
`I did that intentionally O Umar!”’
Muslim and the collectors of the Sunan also recorded this Hadith.
[Full name Imam Abu'l-Husain 'Asakir-ud-Din Muslim b. Hajjaj al-Qushayri al-Naisaburi (202 H - 261H/ 817 CE- 874 CE) http://www.sunnah.org/history/Scholars/Imam_muslim.htm ]
At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Sahih.”
[From samia2010: At-Tirmidhi: Imam Abū ‛Īsa Muḥammad ibn ‛Īsa ibn Sawrah ibn Mūsa ibn al Ḍaḥḥāk al-Sulamīat-Tirmidhī (209-279 AH/824- 892 CE) http://sunnah.com/tirmidhi/about ]
Ibn Jarir recorded that Al-Fadl bin Al-Mubashshir said,
[Ibn Jarir: Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari born 224 H 838 CE in Amol, Tapuria Iran- died 310 H. 923 CE Baghdad. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_ibn_Jarir_al-Tabari#Biography ]
“I saw Jabir bin Abdullah perform several prayers with only one Wudu. When he would answer the call of nature, he performed Wudu and wiped the top of his Khuffs with his wet hand. I said, `O Abu Abdullah! Do you do this according to your own opinion?’
He said, `Rather, I saw the Prophet do the same thing. So, I do what I saw the Messenger of Allah doing.”’
Ibn Majah also recorded this Hadith.
[Abu `Abdullah Muhammad bin Yazid bin `Abdullah titled as Ibn Majah was born in 209AH/824 AD in Qizwin, and died on 22nd of Ramadan al-Mubarik 273 AH/ 18th of February, 887 AD at Qizwin and was buried there. http://munirahmadmughal.hubpages.com/hub/Ibn-Majah-Muhaddith ]
Ahmad recorded that;
Ubaydullah bin Abdullah bin Umar was asked; “Did you see Abdullah bin Umar perform Wudu for every prayer, whether he was in a state of purity or not,”
So he replied, “Asma bint Zayd bin Al-Khattab told him that Abdullah bin Hanzalah bin Abi `Amir Al-Ghasil told her that the Messenger of Allah was earlier commanded to perform Wudu for every prayer, whether he needed it or not. When that became hard on him, he was commanded to use Siwak for every prayer, and to perform Wudu when Hadath (impurity) occurs. Abdullah (Ibn Umar) thought that he was able to do that (perform Wudu for every prayer) and he kept doing that until he died.”
[The siwak (or miswak) is a natural toothbrush commonly made from the twigs of the salvadora persica tree. http://www.healthymuslim.com/articles/zruui-ibn-al-qayyim-siwak-has-numerous-benefits-for-oral-hygiene.cfm ]
Abu Dawud also collected this narration.
(From samia2010: Imam Abu Dawud Sulaiman ibn Ash`ath ibn Ishaq ibn Bashir ibn Shaddad ibn `Umar ibn `Imran al-Azdi Sajastani, born in Sajistan, Khurasan, in 202 A.H., 817 CE, died on Friday 16th Shawwal 275 A.H., 889 CE, at the age of 72. http://www.sunnah.org/history/Scholars/imam_abu_dawud.htm )
This practice by Ibn Umar demonstrates that it is encouraged, not obligatory, to perform Wudu for every prayer, and this is also the opinion of the majority of scholars.
Abu Dawud recorded that;
Abdullah bin Abbas said that when the Messenger of Allah once left the area where he answered the call of nature, he was brought something to eat. They said, “Should we bring you your water for Wudu?”
إنَّمَا أُمِرْتُ بِالْوُضُوءِ إِذَا قُمْتُ إِلَى الصَّلَاة
I was commanded to perform Wudu when I stand up for prayer.
At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’I also recorded this Hadith and At-Tirmidhi said, “This Hadith is Hasan.”
(From samia2010: An-Nasa’i: Imam Aḥmad ibn Shu`ayb ibn `Alī ibn Sīnān Abū `Abd ar-Raḥmān al-Nasā’ī (214 -303 AH/ ca. 829 – 915 AD/CE) http://sunnah.com/nasai/about )
Muslim recorded that Ibn Abbas said,
“We were with the Prophet when he went to answer the call of nature and when he came back, he was brought some food. He was asked, `O Messenger of Allah! Do you want to perform Wudu?”
لِمَ ؟ أَأُصَلِي فَأَتَوَضَّأ
`Why? Am I about to pray so that I have to make Wudu.”’
The Intention and Mentioning Allah’s Name for Wudu:
… فاغْسِلُواْ وُجُوهَكُمْ …
then wash your faces…,
The obligation for the intention before Wudu is proven by this Ayah; إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاةِ فاغْسِلُواْ وُجُوهَكُمْ (When you stand (intend) to offer the Salah then wash your faces…). This is because it is just like the Arabs saying; “When you see the leader, then stand.”
Meaning stand for him.
And the Two Sahihs recorded the Hadith,
الْأَعْمَالُ بِالنِّــيَّاتِ وَإِنَّمَا لِكُلِّ امْرِىءٍ مَانَوَى
Actions are judged by their intentions, and each person will earn what he intended.
It is also recommended before washing the face that one mentions Allah’s Name for the Wudu.
A Hadith that was narrated by several Companions states that the Prophet said,
لَا وُضْوءَ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَذْكُرِ اسْمَ اللهِ عَلَيْه
There is no Wudu for he who does not mention Allah’s Name over it.
It is also recommended that one washes his hands before he puts his hands in the vessel of water, especially after one wakes up from sleep, for the Two Sahihs recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
إِذَا اسْتَيْقَظَ أَحَدُكُمْ مِنْ نَوْمِهِ فَلَا يُدْخِلْ يَدَهُ فِي الْإِنَاءِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَغْسِلَهَا ثَلَاثًا، فَإِنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ لَا يَدْرِي أَيْنَ بَاتَتْ يَدُه
If one of you wakes up from his sleep, let him not put his hand in the pot until he washes it thrice, for one of you does not know where his hand spent the night.
The face according to the scholars of Fiqh starts where the hair line on the head starts, regardless of one’s lack or abundance of hair, until the end of the cheeks and chin, and from ear to ear.
Passing the Fingers through the Beard While Performing Wudu
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Wa’il said,
“I saw Uthman when he was performing Wudu… When he washed his face, he passed his fingers through his beard three times. He said, `I saw the Messenger of Allah do what you saw me doing.”’
At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah also recorded this Hadith.
At-Tirmidhi said “Hasan Sahih.” while Al-Bukhari graded it Hasan.
[Al-Bukhari: Full name Imâm Abû `Abdullâh Muhammad ibn Ismâ`îl al-Bukhârî (194 H- 265 H / 809 CE- 878 CE) http://www.sunnah.org/history/Scholars/imam_bukhari.htm ]
How to Perform Wudu
Imam Ahmad recorded that;
Ibn Abbas once performed Wudu and took a handful of water and rinsed his mouth and nose with it. He took another handful of water and joined both hands and washed his face. He took another handful of water and washed his right hand, and another handful and washed his left hand with it. He next wiped his head. Next, he took a handful of water and sprinkled it on his right foot and washed it and took another handful of water and washed his left foot. When he finished, he said,
“This is how I saw the Messenger of Allah (performing Wudu).”
Al-Bukhari also recorded it.
… وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ …
and your hands (forearms) up to (Ila) the elbows…,
meaning, including the elbows.
Allah said in another Ayah (using Ila)
وَلاَ تَأْكُلُواْ أَمْوَالَهُمْ إِلَى أَمْوَالِكُمْ إِنَّهُ كَانَ حُوبًا كَبِيرًا
And devour not their substance to (Ila) your substance (by adding or including it in your property). Surely, this is a great sin. (4:2)
It is recommended that those who perform Wudu should wash a part of the upper arm with the elbow.
Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
إِنَّ أُمَّتِي يُدْعَوْنَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ غُرًّا مُحَجَّلِينَ مِنْ آثَارِ الْوُضُوءِ، فَمَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ يُطِيلَ غُرَّتَهُ فَلْيَفْعَل
On the Day of Resurrection, my Ummah will be called “those with the radiant appendages” because of the traces of Wudu. Therefore, whoever can increase the area of his radiance should do so.
Muslim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said,
“I heard my intimate friend (the Messenger) saying,
تَبْلُغُ الْحِلْيَةُ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِ حَيْثُ يَبْلُغُ الْوَضُوء
The radiance of the believer reaches the areas that the water of (his) Wudu reaches.”
Allah said next,
… وَامْسَحُواْ بِرُؤُوسِكُمْ …
Rub your heads.
It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that;
Malik bin `Amr bin Yahya Al-Mazini said that his father said that a man said to Abdullah bin Zayd bin Asim, the grandfather of `Amr bin Yahya and one of the Companions of the Messenger,
“Can you show me how the Messenger of Allah used to perform Wudu?”’
Abdullah bin Zayd said, “Yes.”
He then asked for a pot of water. He poured from it on his hands and washed them twice, then he rinsed his mouth and washed his nose (with water) thrice (by putting water in it and blowing it out). He washed his face thrice and after that he washed his forearms up to the elbows twice. He then passed his wet hands over his head from its front to its back and vice versa, beginning from the front and taking them to the back of his head up to the nape of the neck and then brought them to the front again from where he had started. He next washed his feet.
A similar description of the Wudu of the Messenger of Allah was performed by Ali in the Hadith by Abdu Khayr.
Abu Dawud recorded that;
Mu`awiyah and Al-Miqdad bin Ma`dikarib narrated similar descriptions of the Wudu of the Messenger of Allah.
These Hadiths indicate that it is necessary to wipe the entire head.
Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Humran bin Aban said,
“I saw Uthman bin Affan performing Wudu, and he poured water over his hands and washed them thrice, and then rinsed his mouth and washed his nose (by putting water in it, and then blowing it out). Then he washed his face thrice, and then his right forearm up to the elbows thrice, and washed the left forearm thrice. Then he passed his wet hands over his head, then he washed his right foot thrice, and next his left foot thrice. After that Uthman said, `I saw the Prophet performing Wudu like this, and said,
مَنْ تَوَضَّأَ نَحْوَ وُضُوئِي هَذَا، ثُمَّ صَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ لَا يُحَدِّثُ فِيهِمَا نَفْسَهُ، غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِه
If anyone performs Wudu like that of mine and offers a two-Rak`ah prayer during which he does not think of anything else, then his past sins will be forgiven.”’
Al-Bukhari and Muslim also recorded this Hadith in the Two Sahihs.
In his Sunan, Abu Dawud also recorded it from Uthman, under the description of Wudu, and in it, that he wiped his head one time.
The Necessity of Washing the Feet
… وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ إِلَى الْكَعْبَينِ …
and your feet up to ankles.
Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ibn Abbas stated that;
the Ayah refers to washing (the feet).
Abdullah bin Mas`ud, Urwah, Ata, Ikrimah, Al-Hasan, Mujahid, Ibrahim, Ad-Dahhak, As-Suddi, Muqatil bin Hayyan, Az-Zuhri and Ibrahim At-Taymi said similarly.
This clearly indicates the necessity of washing the feet, just as the Salaf have said, and not only wiping over the top of the bare foot.
The Hadiths that Indicate the Necessity of Washing the Feet
We mentioned the Hadiths by the two Leaders of the Faithful, Uthman and Ali, and also by Ibn Abbas, Mu`awiyah, Abdullah bin Zayd bin Asim and Al-Miqdad bin Ma`dikarib, that the Messenger of Allah washed his feet for Wudu, either once, twice or thrice.
It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that Abdullah bin `Amr said,
“The Messenger of Allah was once late during a trip we were taking, and he caught up with us when the time remaining for the Asr prayer was short. We were still performing Wudu (in a rush) and we were wiping our feet. He shouted at the top of his voice,
أَسْبِغُوا الْوُضُوءَ وَيْلٌ لِلْأَعْقَابِ مِنَ النَّار
Perform Wudu thoroughly. Save your heels from the Fire.”
The same narration was also collected in the Two Sahihs from Abu Hurayrah.
Muslim recorded that Aishah said that the Prophet said,
أَسْبِغُوا الْوُضُوءَ وَيْلٌ لِلْأَعْقَابِ مِنَ النَّار
Perform Wudu thoroughly. Save your heels from the Fire.
Abdullah bin Al-Harith bin Jaz said that he heard the Messenger of Allah saying,
وَيْلٌ لِلْأَعْقَابِ وَبُطُونِ الْأَقْدَامِ مِنَ النَّار
Save your heels and the bottom of the feet from the Fire.
It was recorded by Al-Bayhaqi and Al-Hakim, and this chain is Sahih.
[Ahmad ibn al-Husayn ibn `Ali ibn `Abd Allah ibn Musa, Abu Bakr al-Bayhaqi al-Naysaburi al-Khusrawjirdi al-Shafi`i al-Ash`ari (384 H/ 994 CE -458 H/ 1065 CE) http://sunnah.org/wordpress/2008/07/18/imam-bayhaqi/ ]
[Al-Hâkim, Muhammad ibn `Abd Allâh ibn Muhammad ibn Hamdûyah, Abû `Abd Allâh al-Dabbî al-Tamhânî al-Naysabûrî al-Shâfi`î, also known as Ibn al-Bayyi` (321-405) http://sunnah.org/wordpress/2008/07/18/al-hakim-al-naysaburi/ ]
Muslim recorded that Umar bin Al-Khattab said that;
a man once performed Wudu and left a dry spot the size of a fingernail on his foot. The Prophet saw that and he said to him,
ارْجِعْ فَأَحْسِنْ وُضُوءَك
Go back and perform proper Wudu.
Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Al-Bayhaqi also recorded that;
Anas bin Malik said that a man came to the Prophet, after he performed Wudu‘ and left a dry spot the size of a fingernail on his foot. The Messenger of Allah said to him,
ارْجِعْ فَأَحْسِنْ وُضُوءَك
Go back and perform proper Wudu.
Imam Ahmad recorded that some of the wives of the Prophet said that;
the Prophet saw a man praying, but noticed a dry spot on his foot, the size of a Dirham. The Messenger of Allah ordered that man to perform Wudu again.
This Hadith was also collected by Abu Dawud from Baqiyyah, who added in his narration,
“And (the Prophet ordered him) to repeat the prayer.”
This Hadith has a strong, reasonably good chain of narrators.
Allah knows best.
The Necessity of Washing Between the Fingers
In the Hadith that Humran narrated,
Uthman washed between his fingers when he was describing the Wudu of the Prophet.
The collectors of the Sunan recorded that Laqit bin Sabrah said,
“I said, `O Messenger of Allah! Tell me about Wudu.’
The Messenger replied,
أَسْبِغِ الْوُضُوءَ، وَخَلِّلْ بَيْنَ الْأَصَابِعِ، وَبَالِغْ فِي الِاسْتِنْشَاقِ إِلَّا أَنْ تَكُونَ صَائِمًا
Perform Wudu thoroughly, wash between the fingers and exaggerate in rinsing your nose, unless you are fasting.”
Wiping Over the Khuffs is an Established Sunnah
Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal recorded that Aws bin Abi Aws said,
“I saw the Messenger of Allah perform Wudu and wipe over his Khuffs. He then stood up for prayer.”
Abu Dawud recorded this Hadith by Aws bin Abi Aws, who said in this narration,
“I saw the Messenger of Allah, after he answered the call of nature, perform Wudu and wipe over his Khuffs and feet.”
Imam Ahmad recorded that Jarir bin Abdullah Al-Bajali said,
“I embraced Islam after Surah Al-Ma’idah was revealed and I saw the Messenger of Allah wipe over his Khuffs after I became Muslim.”
It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that Hammam said,
“Jarir answered the call of nature and then performed Wudu and wiped over his Khuffs.
He was asked, `Do you do this?’
He said, `Yes. I saw the Messenger of Allah, after he answered the call of nature, perform Wudu and wipe on his Khuffs.”’
Al-Amash commented that Ibrahim said,
[Tabi'i Sulayman bin Mihran (died 148 H) 765 CE, , also known as al-A'mash (one who has weak vision) http://www.ahlalhdeeth.com/vbe/archive/index.php/t-3138.html ]
“They liked this Hadith because Jarir embraced Islam after Surah Al-Ma’idah was revealed.”
This is the wording collected by Muslim.
The subject of the Messenger of Allah wiping over his Khuffs, instead of washing the feet, if he had worn his Khuffs while having Wudu, reaches the Mutawatir grade of narration, and they describe this practice by his words and actions.
[AMutawatir hadith is one which is reported by such a large number of people that they cannot be expected to agree upon a lie, all of them together.29 http://www.islamic-awareness.org/Hadith/Ulum/asb3.html ]
… وَإِن كُنتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُواْ …
If you are in a state of Janaba, purify yourselves (bathe your whole body).
Performing Tayammum with Clean earth When There is no Water and When One is Ill
… وَإِن كُنتُم مَّرْضَى أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَاء أَحَدٌ مَّنكُم مِّنَ الْغَائِطِ أَوْ لاَمَسْتُمُ النِّسَاء فَلَمْ تَجِدُواْ مَاء فَتَيَمَّمُواْ صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُواْ بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُم مِّنْهُ …
But if you are ill or on a journey or any of you come from the Gha’it (toilet), or you have touched women and you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands.
We discussed all of this in Surah An-Nisa’, and thus we do not need to repeat it here.
We also mentioned the reason behind revealing this Ayah. Yet, Al-Bukhari mentioned an honorable Hadith here specifically about the Tafsir of this noble Ayah.
He recorded that Aishah said,
“Upon returning to Al-Madinah, a necklace of mine was broken (and lost) in Al-Bayda’ area. Allah’s Messenger stayed there and went to sleep with his head on my lap.
Abu Bakr (Aishah’s father) came and hit me on my flank with his hand saying, `You have detained the people because of a necklace!’ So I wished I were dead because (I could not move) the Messenger was sleeping on my lap and because of the pain Abu Bakr caused me.
Allah’s Messenger got up when dawn broke and there was no water. So Allah revealed, يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاةِ فاغْسِلُواْ وُجُوهَكُمْ (O you who believe! When you stand (intend) to offer As-Salah (the prayer), then wash your faces) until the end of the Ayah.
Usayd bin Al-Hudayr said, `O the family of Abu Bakr! Allah has blessed the people because of you. Therefore, you are only a blessing for the people.”
… مَا يُرِيدُ اللّهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُم مِّنْ حَرَجٍ …
Allah does not want to place you in difficulty,
This is why He made things easy and lenient for you. This is why He allowed you to use Tayammum when you are ill and when you do not find water, to make things comfortable for you and as mercy for you. Allah made Tayammum in place of Wudu, and Allah made it the same as ablution with water for the one who it is legitimate for, except for certain things, as we mentioned before. For example; Tayammum only involves one strike with the hand on the sand and wiping the face and hands.
… وَلَـكِن يُرِيدُ لِيُطَهَّرَكُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ ﴿٦﴾
but He wants to purify you, and to complete His favor on you that you may be thankful.
for His bounties on you, such as His easy, kind, merciful, comfortable and lenient legislation.
Supplicating to Allah after Wudu
The Sunnah encourages supplicating to Allah after Wudu and states that those who do so are among those who seek to purify themselves, as the Ayah above states.
Imam Ahmad, Muslim and the collectors of Sunan narrated that Uqbah bin `Amir said,
“We were on watch, guarding camels, and when my turn to guard came, I took the camels back at night. I found that the Messenger of Allah was giving a speech to the people. I heard these words from that speech:
مَا مِنْ مُسْلِمٍ يَتَوَضَّأُ فَيُحْسِنُ وُضُوءهُ، ثُمَّ يَقُومُ فَيُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ مُقْبلًا عَلَيْهِمَا بِقَلْبِهِ وَوَجْهِهِ، إِلَّا وَجَبَتْ لَهُ الْجَنَّة
Any Muslim who performs Wudu properly, then stands up and prays a two Rak`ah prayer with full attention in his heart and face, will earn Paradise.
I said, `What a good statement this is!’
A person who was close by said, `The statement he said before it is even better.’
When I looked, I found that it was Umar, who said, `I saw that you just came.
The Prophet said,
مَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ يَتَوَضَّأُ فَيُبْلِغُ أَوْفَيُسْبِغُ الْوُضُوءَ، يَقُولُ: أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ، إِلَّا فُتِحَتْ لَهُ أَبْوَابُ الْجَنَّةِ الثَّمَانِيَةِ، يَدْخُلُ مِنْ أَيِّهَا شَاء
When any of you performs Wudu properly and says, `I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger’, the eight doors of Paradise will be opened for him so that he can enter from any door he wishes.”
This is the wording collected by Muslim.
The Virtue of Wudu
Malik recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
[Abu Abdullah, Malik ibn Anas ibn Malik ibn Amer al-Asbahee was born in Madinah in the year 93 A.H. (714 CE) and died on Monday 14th of Rabi-ul-Awwal 179 A H., in Madinah, is buried in the famous al-Baqie cemetery. http://www.haqislam.org/imam-malik/ ]
إِذَا تَوَضَّأَ الْعَبْدُ الْمُسْلِمُ أَوِ الْمُؤْمِنُ فَغَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ، خَرَجَ مِنْ وَجْهِهِ، كُلُّ خَطِيئَةٍ نَظَرَ إِلَيْهَا بِعَيْنَيْهِ مَعَ الْمَاءِ أَوْ مَعَ آخِرِ قَطْرِ الْمَاءِ، فَإِذَا غَسَلَ يَدَيهِ خَرَجَ مِنْ يَدَيْهِ كُلُّ خَطِيئَةٍ بَطَشَتْهَا يَدَاهُ مَعَ الْمَاءِ أَوْ مَعَ آخِرِ قَطْرِ الْمَاءِ، فَإِذَا غَسَلَ رِجْلَيْهِ خَرَجَتْ كُلُّ خَطِيئةٍ مَشَتْهَا رِجْلَاهُ مَعَ الْمَاءِ أَوْ مَعَ آخِرِ قَطْرِ الْمَاءِ، حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ نَقِيًّا مِنَ الذُّنُوب
When the Muslim or the believing servant performs Wudu and washes his face, every sin that he looked at with his eyes will depart from his face with the water, or with the last drop of water. When he washes his hands, every sin that his hands committed will depart from his hands with the water, or with the last drop of water. When he washes his feet, every sin to which his feet took him will depart with the water, or with the last drop of water. Until, he ends up sinless.
Muslim also recorded it.
Muslim recorded that Abu Malik Al-Ashari said that the Messenger of Allah said,
الطُّهُور شَطْرُ الْإِيمَانِ، وَالْحَمْدُ للهِ تَمْلَأُ الْمِيزَانَ، وَسُبْحَانَ اللهِ وَاللهُ أَكْبَرُ تَمْلَأُ مَا بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ،
وَالصَّوْمُ جُنَّةٌ، وَالصَّبْرُ ضِيَاءٌ، وَالصدَقَةُ بُرْهَانٌ، وَالقُرْآنُ حُجَّةٌ لَكَ أَوْ عَلَيْكَ، كُلُّ النَّاسِ يَغْدُو، فَبَائِعٌ نَفْسَهُ فَمُعْتِقُهَا أَوْ مُوبِقُهَا
Purity is half of faith and Al-Hamdu Lillah (all the thanks are due to Allah) fills the Mizan (the Scale). And Subhan Allah and Allahu Akbar (all praise is due to Allah, and Allah is the Most Great) fills what is between the heaven and earth.
As-Sawm (the fast) is a Junnah (a shield), Sabr (patience) is a light, Sadaqah (charity) is evidence (of faith) and the Qur’an is proof for, or against you.
Every person goes out in the morning and ends up selling himself, he either frees his soul or destroys it.
Muslim recorded that Ibn Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said,
لَا يَقْبَلُ اللهُ صَدَقَةً مِنْ غُلُولٍ، وَلَا صَلَاةً بِغَيْرِ طُهُور
Allah does not accept charity from one who commits Ghulul, or prayer without purity.
Notes by samia2010oct: Prayers can not be offered with out wudu. Allah SubHanWaTaala accepts prayers only after doing a proper wudu. Quran must be held and read after doing proper wudu. This is ideal. But recitation of Quran is allowed with out wudu also, taking care not to touch the Arabic text of Quran, which are the Words of Allah. But for the prostration ‘sajdah’ which come in many places in Quran, proper wudu is a must.
Wash and clean yourself then make wudu. Ideal situation is to let flow water three times on hands, arms, face, in mouth, in nose and on feet. If the person is clean, water flowing for once will also make wudu.
It is Big Sin, Major sin, Gunaahe Kabira, to offer prayers with out wudu or tayammum. For all Big sins, there is the punishment of burning in unbearable, unending fire. For many Big sins the punishment starts from this world and continues in the Hereafter.
May Allah give all of us strength to avoid sins, and to choose a sin-free life. Aameen.