Traditions about behavior of children with parents

 

From the following Traditions of The Last Prophet Peace Be Upon Him we know that good behavior with one’s own parents is as important and as rewardful as () prayers practiced at their earliest stated time and () jihad in the cause of Allah, because our beloved Prophet PBUH mentioned them together. All those actions, which are mentioned together in a tradition, contain the same worth. Where as disobedience or being undutiful to one’s own parents is as grave a sin as () giving false testimony, () killing a person, () associating anyone with Allah and () taking Al-Ghamus (it is explained in the tradition).

Eight Traditions from Sahih Bukhari:

(1)Narrated Abu Bakra: The Prophet said thrice, "Should I inform you out the greatest of the great sins?" They said, "Yes, O Allah’s Apostle!" He said, "To join others in worship with Allah and to be undutiful to one’s parents." The Prophet then sat up after he had been reclining (on a pillow) and said, "And I warn you against giving a false witness, and he kept on saying that warning till we thought he would not stop. (See Hadith No. 7, Vol. 8)  (Book #48, Hadith #822)

(2) Narrated Abdullah bin Masud: I asked Allah’s Apostle, "O Allah’s Apostle! What is the best deed?" He replied, "To offer the prayers at their early stated fixed times." I asked, "What is next in goodness?" He replied, "To be good and dutiful to your parents." I further asked, what is next in goodness?" He replied, "To participate in Jihad in Allah’s Cause." I did not ask Allah’s Apostle anymore and if I had asked him more, he would have told me more.  (Book #52, Hadith #41)

(3) Narrated Al-Walid bin ‘Aizar: I heard Abi Amr ‘Ash-Shaibani saying, "The owner of this house." he pointed to ‘Abdullah’s house, "said, ‘I asked the Prophet ‘Which deed is loved most by Allah?" He replied, ‘To offer prayers at their early (very first) stated times.’ " ‘Abdullah asked, "What is the next (in goodness)?" The Prophet said, "To be good and dutiful to one’s parents," ‘Abdullah asked, "What is the next (in goodness)?" The Prophet said, To participate in Jihad for Allah’s Cause." ‘Abdullah added, "The Prophet narrated to me these three things, and if I had asked more, he would have told me more."  (Book #73, Hadith #1)

(4) Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr: A man said to the Prophet, "Shall I participate in Jihad?" The Prophet said, "Are your parents living?" The man said, "Yes." the Prophet said, "Do Jihad for their benefit."  (Book #73, Hadith #3)

(5) Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr: Allah’s Apostle said. "It is one of the greatest sins that a man should curse his parents." It was asked (by the people), "O Allah’s Apostle! How does a man curse his parents?" The Prophet said, "’The man abuses the father of another man and the latter abuses the father of the former and abuses his mother."  (Book #73, Hadith #4)

(6) Narrated Abu Bakra: Allah’s Apostle said, "Shall I inform you of the biggest of the great sins?" They said, "Yes, O Allah’s Apostle!" He said, "To join partners in worship with Allah, and to be undutiful to one’s parents. "  (Book #74, Hadith #290)

(7) Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr: A bedouin came to the Prophet and said, "O Allah’s Apostle! What are the biggest sins?: The Prophet said, "To join others in worship with Allah." The bedouin said, "What is next?" The Prophet said, "To be undutiful to one’s parents." The bedouin said "What is next?" The Prophet said "To take an oath ‘Al-Ghamus." The bedouin said, "What is an oath ‘Al-Ghamus’?" The Prophet said, "The false oath through which one deprives a Muslim of his property (unjustly)."  (Book #84, Hadith #55)

(8) Narrated Ibn Mas’ud: A man asked the Prophet "What deeds are the best?" The Prophet said: (1) To perform the (daily compulsory) prayers at their (early) stated fixed times, (2) To be good and dutiful to one’s own parents. (3) and to participate in Jihad in Allah’s Cause."  (Book #93, Hadith #625)

Twelve Traditions from Sahih Muslim:

1) It is narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah b. Mas’ud that he observed. I asked the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) which deed was the best. He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Prayer at its appointed hour. I (again) said: Then what? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Kindness to the parents. I (again) said: Then what? He replied: Earnest endeavour (Jihad) in the cause of Allah. And I would have not ceased asking more questions but out of regard (for his feelings).  (Book #001, Hadith #0151)

2) ‘Abdullah b. Mas’ud reported: I said: Messenger of Allah, which of the deeds (takes one) nearer to Paradise? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Prayer at its proper time, I said: What next, Messenger of Allah? He replied: Kindness to the parents. I said: What next? He replied: Jihad in the cause of Allah.  (Book #001, Hadith #0152

3) It is reported on the authority of ‘Abdullah that the Apostle of Allah observed: The best of’ the deeds or deed is the (observance of) prayer at its proper time and kindness to the parents.  (Book #001, Hadith #0155

4) It is narrated on the authority of ‘Abdur-Rahman b. Abu Bakra that his father said: We were in the company of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) that he observed: Should I not inform you about the most grievous of the grave sins? (The Holy Prophet) repeated it three times, and then said: Associating anyone with Allah, disobedience to parents, false testimony or false utterance. The Holy Prophet was reclining, then he sat up, and he repeated it so many times that we wished that he should become silent.  (Book #001, Hadith #0158)

5) Anas narrated from the Apostle (may peace be upon him) about the major sins. He (the Holy Prophet) observed: Associating anyone with Allah, disobedience to parents, killing a person and false utterance.  (Book #001, Hadith #0159)

6) It is narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah b. Amr b. al-‘As that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) observed: Abusing one’s parents is one of the major sins. They (the hearers) said: Messenger of Allah, does a man abuse his parents too? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Yes, one abuses the father of another man, who in turn abuses his father. One abuses his mother and he in turn abuses his (the former’s) mother.  (Book #001, Hadith #0162)

7) Abu Tufail reported: We said to ‘Ali b. Abi Talib: Inform us about something which Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) told you in secret, whereupon he said: He told me nothing in secret which he bid from people, but I heard him say: Allah cursed him who sacrificed for anyone besides Allah; and cursed him who accommodated an innovator; and Allah cursed him who cursed his parents and Allah cursed him who changed the boundary lines (of the land possessed by him).  (Book #022, Hadith #4877)

8) Abdullah b. ‘Anir reported that a person came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and sought permission (to participate) in Jihad, whereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Are your parents living? He said: Yes. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: You should put in your best efforts (in their) service.  (Book #032, Hadith #6184)

9) Yazid b. Abu Habib reported that Na’im, the freed slave of Umm Salama, reported to him that ‘Abdullah b. ‘Amr b. ‘As said: There came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) a person and said: I owe allegiance to you for migration and Jihad seeking reward only from Allah. He (the Holy Prophet) said: Is one from amongst your parents living? He said: Yes, of course, both are living. He further asked: Do you want to seek reward from Allah? He said: Yes. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Go back to your parents and accord them benevolent treatment.  (Book #032, Hadith #6186)

10) Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Let him be humbled into dust; let him be humbled into dust. It was said: Allah’s Messenger, who is he? He said: He who sees either of his parents during their old age or he sees both of them, but he does not enter Paradise.  (Book #032, Hadith #6189)

11) Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Let him be humbled, let him be humbled. It was said: Allah’s Messenger, who is he? He said. He who finds his parents in old age, either one or both of them, and does not enter Paradise.  (Book #032, Hadith #6190)

12) Abu Hassan reported: I said to Abu Huraira that my two children had died. Would you narrate to me anything from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) a hadith which would soothe our hearts in our bereavements? He said: Yes. Small children are the fowls of Paradise. If one of them meets his father (or he said his parents) he would take hold of his cloth, or he said with his hand as I take hold of the hem of your cloth (with my hand). And he (the child) would not take off (his hand) from it until Allah causes his father to enter Paradise. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Tamim with the same chain of transmitters. And he is reported to have said: Did you hear from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) anything which may soothe our heart in our bereavements? He said: Yes.  (Book #032, Hadith #6370)

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