Explanation before the Question.
We know there are two types of sins [Urdu; gunaah]; Small sins (Urdu; gunaah e saghira) and Big Sins (Urdu; gunaah e kabira). We also know that our smaller sins are cancelled (removed, cleared, or washed away) by our good deeds [Urdu; nekiyan]. If we do not check our Small Sins, they add up and become Big Sins. For Big Sins there is The Great Punishment (of Hell fire) in the Hereafter. For some Big Sins punishment is only in the Hereafter (Urdu; aakhrat). But for some other real Big Sins, which are extremely disliked by Allah, the punishment starts in this world and is continued in The Hereafter as well. Punishment of the Hereafter is unbearable. If we are all the time aware of our actions, and we behave responsibly, hopefully we will be able to avoid all sins. I pray that we all find it very easy to please Allah Almighty. And we become one of those who are the best in the eyes of Allah. Ameen, thume ameen. This we can achieve only when all the time we feel the presence of Allah with us and we are never alone. So that Satan Iblees is not able to shake our resolution.
Qn no 14: How do we know that a sin is a Small Sin ‘gunaah e saghira’ or a Big Sin ‘gunaah e kabira’? How can we distinguish a Big Sin ‘gunaah e kabira’?So our next question is what are Big Sins ‘gunaah e kabira’?
Big sins ‘gunaah e kabira’ are ……………… [Choose the most appropriate one from the following]
1…………..all sins that are related to our five senses of taste, touch, smell, sight and hearing.
2…………..all sins that are committed by our hearts and minds only.
3…………..all sins that are committed against humanity.
4…………..all sins that are committed against rights of any living thing, animal or plant.
5…………..all sins that are mentioned in The Noble Quran and in The Traditions of Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him [ahadith].
6…………..all sins committed against rules of nature.
7…………..all of the above.
8……………none of the above.
Answer no 14: is option 5…. Big sins ‘gunaah e kabira’ are……………. all the sins that are mentioned in The Noble Quran and in The Traditions of Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him [ahadith].
We know the sins mentioned in The Noble Quran and in The Traditions of Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him [ahadith] include all the sins given in the options 1, 2, 3, 4, & 6 above, with great emphasis on all the sins committed against the rights of a person (a man, a woman or a child). Although sins committed by humans against any other human are extremely condemned, more emphasis is given to the sins committed against relatives. Closer is the relation, greater is the sin, and greater is the punishment. A spouse may not be one from the blood relations, but importance of nuptial relationships come second after the person’s own parents in importance. Parents have the first importance. Here we also remember that a Muslim’s body also has a right on him/her, and the right of the body must be observed very strictly by maintaining physical and emotional good health. It is a Big Sin to kill one’s own self.
As Islam is a conservationist religion, it believes in moderation. Therefore it is appreciated in the Glorious Eyes of Allah All-Mighty that humans must use His worldly blessings (earth, water, air, animals, plants etc. etc. and whatever comes out of them) moderately, only to fulfill the need and not to go beyond that. It is a Big Sin to waste His worldly blessings.
As Islam is also a preservationist religion, it believes in keeping everything (material and non-material, e.g. air, water, animals, plants, wisdom, strength etc. etc.) in the best state. Wastage is strictly prohibited and is a Big Sin.
Whether a punishment is written with a sin or not, in either case, whatever sins are mentioned in the Holy Quran and The Traditions of The Prophet PBUH (Urdu; ahadith), are Big Sins. All doers of Big Sins who die with the sin, knowing that it is a sin, and still without correcting and repenting it, will have the punishment of Hell-fire in The Hereafter. At this point we again revise that for The Big Sins which are committed against the rights of close relatives & against people living close by (it includes neighbors, helpers and servants too, whom the faithful meets daily) and against humanity, which are extremely disliked by Allah, the punishment starts in this world and is continued in the Hereafter as well. In this world, as a punishment, Allah may take away one or more of His blessings (e.g. health, wealth, hope, happiness, etc. etc.) from the sinner of a Big Sin, or He All-Mighty may not accept the sinner’s supplications (Urdu; dua’en).
But all those sinners who realize their mistake, repent and immediately stop doing the sin, for the happiness of Allah. And try to makeup for the damage by their best ability and ask for the forgiveness (Urdu; istighfar, toba) from the person concerned and from Allah Almighty, their past sins are cancelled off (cleaned, and washed off) for ever. And they are given a new life, which is without the stigma of that sin. And their respect is restored in the society. See how beautiful is our religion Islam. It gives us, Muslims, full chance of leading an honorable and respectable life. Here it must be noted that the one who points out to any persons past sins, which that person has stopped doing now, is also a sinner of Big Sins. We are not allowed by Allah to finger point some one’s past wrong doings, just to degrade him/her, when he/she has stopped doing it. Before the prophet-hood (Urdu; nubuvat) of our Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him, generally the crime rate was very high. Society had accepted many bad things as a norm. The companions (Urdu sahaba ikram) of The Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him were generally the people who were doing the wrong things in the past, but they stopped doing them when they embraced Islam. We look up to the companions of The Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him what they were doing in different situations as they were under the direct guidance of The Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him. During those days, we see that when a person stopped doing a wrong thing the stigma of the past wrong was also washed off him/her. Nobody used to talk of, or to point a finger to the one who had stopped doing the wrong (haram). This is the spirit of Islam and these are the Islamic etiquettes [Urdu; Islami akhlaq]. We must adopt the same mannerism which the companions of The Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him adopted and which was taught by our Prophet Peace Be Upon Him. These Islamic etiquettes were introduced to the wild Arabs, in the times when they were in the habit of remembering the faults of each other with loud voice, throwing garbage on each other, and never forgave each other through generations.
Thank you for being with me. May Allah bless you. Ameen, thume ameen.
To read more on the topic, please read below which is copy-pasted from
Ibn Al Hasan (A.R.) once remarked: “I am grieving for forty years over a sin committed by me.” Someone enquired, “What sin is that which has caused great concern and grief in you?”
He replied, “Once I was visited by a friend and in order to entertain him, I bought fish which we subsequently ate. After the meal, I scraped some sand from my neighbour’s wall without his permission, to wash my hands. I am still crying over that sin.”
The questioner expressed surprise over the fact that such a small fault has created so much of anguish and concern. So Ibn Al Hasana explained that according to the Prophet (peace and blessing upon him) the biggest sin before Allah is that little slip or error which man regards as trifle and unimportant and therefore thinks it unnecessary to seek forgiveness.
On the other hand, if he acknowledges his wrongs considering them to be quite serious, he would certainly feel guilty and ashamed of his actions and this would induce him to repent, seek Allah’s forgiveness through which he receives pardon and in this way obliterates all trace of the sin.
Source: Death by Husainiyah Publications
For further reading on the topic, please read below copy-pasted from http://suite101.com/article/major-and-minor-sins-in-islam-a99331#ixzz1woa7X4MQ
- Major Sins in Islam, Compiled and Translated into English by Muhammad Iqbal Siddiqi, International Islamic Publishers, New Delhi (1988).
In Islam, a sin is defined as any act which contradicts the commandments or Will of Allah (the One God, the Creator). Some sins are regarded as major, while others are considered minor. What are the differences between the two?
Major Sins in Islam
Some scholars assert that there are seven major sins, based on the following narration (hadith) by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him): “Avoid the seven noxious things: associating anything with Allah, magic, killing one whom Allah has declared inviolate without a just case, consuming the property of an orphan, devouring usury, turning back when the army advances, and slandering chaste women who are believers but indiscreet.” (Bukhari and Muslim)
Other scholars cite evidence that Islam’s major sins are actually much greater in number.
These religious scholars define major sins as acts which are expressly forbidden in the Qu’an or by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), or for which there is a hadd punishment under Islamic law. A haddpunishment is a punishment specified by Allah in the Qur’an.
Under this definition, the list of major sins includes (but is not limited to) the following acts:
- Worshiping others, or associating partners with Allah (shirk)
- Believing in superstition, fortune telling and astrology
- Using magic or sorcery
- Committing murder
- Committing suicide
- Bearing false witness
- Committing adultery or fornication
- Cheating, stealing, and lying
- Charging or paying interest or usury ( riba)
- Consuming pork or alcohol
- Consuming the wealth of an orphan
- Not fasting for Ramadan
- Not observing daily prayers
- Not paying zakat (annual charity)
- Oppression and unjust leadership
- Bribery, betraying trusts and breaking contracts
- Backbiting and slandering
- Breaking the ties of kinship
- Disobeying or not honoring one’s parents
Minor Sins in Islam
Minor sins are acts which are displeasing to Allah but for which no specific punishment or severe warning has been issued. In this case, a Muslim’s conscience and heart help him to know that an act is sinful.
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Righteousness is good character, and sin is that which wavers in your heart and which you do not want people to know about.” (Muslim)
Minor sins are not, however, to be taken lightly, as disobeying Allah is always a serious matter. Allah says: “You counted it a little thing, while with Allah it was very great.” (Qur’an 24:15)
Minor sins can easily lead someone to commit a major sin, and repeatedly committing a minor sin will change its status to that of a major sin.
Furthermore, habitual sinning causes a Muslim to lose faith and disregard the commandments of Allah. In the Qur’an, Allah says: “Nay, their hearts have been sealed by the sins they have accumulated.” (Qur’an 83:14).
Forgiveness and Expiation in Islam
Scholars agree that while good deeds and extra acts of worship help expiate minor sins, they won’t compensate for major sins. Instead, a Muslim must make sincere repentance for major sins by showing genuine remorse, praying for Allah’s Mercy and Forgiveness, and avoiding that sin in the future.
Only a person who avoids major sins will have good deeds such ascharity, praying, or fasting accepted as expiation for minor sins. Allah says: “If you shun the great sins which you are forbidden, We will do away with your small sins and cause you to enter an honorable place of entering.” (Qur’an 4: 31)
Shirk, however, is the one sin which Allah will not forgive. “Verily, Allah forgives not that partners be set up with Him (in worship) but He forgives other than that to whom He pleases; and whoever sets up partners with Allah (in worship), he has indeed invented an enormous wrong.” (Qur’an 4:48)
Remembrance of Allah
A Muslim should strive at all times to remember Allah, as this helps him refrain from sins of the tongue, heart, mind and hands. As Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid advises on Islam-qa.com, “The Muslim should not look at how small or great the sin is, rather he should look at the greatness and might of the One Whom he is disobeying.”
Can also read more on the related topic below which is copy-pasted from https://suite.io/christine-benlafquih/14fj2y5
Do Muslims Believe in Original Sin?
This is in contrast to various Christian concepts of original sin, which teach that people are born in a sinful state with the ancestral burden of Adam and Eve’s sin. Salvation in Christianity is achieved through baptism and belief and worship of Jesus, whom Christians believe is God incarnate, and whom they believe died to atone and redeem mankind’s sin.
The Naturally Pure State of Fitrah
Islamic doctrine teaches that all people are born fundamentally good with a natural inclination to worship one God (Allah). This innocent, sin-free state of birth is called fitrah. An upbringing in a religion other than Islam can deviate a person from this natural state.
Although born without original sin, a person is vulnerable to committing sins and becomes accountable for them after the age of reason.
Adam and Eve and Islam
The Qur’anic account of Adam and Eve holds that both were equally responsible for their sin of eating the forbidden fruit. Although they were banished from Paradise as a punishment, God forgave them after they sincerely repented. Their sin was not passed on to future generations, and Adam became the first prophet and messenger.
Jesus and Redemption in Islam
Muslims highly revere Jesus as a prophet, and like Christians, believe in his miraculous virgin birth and in his second coming. However, the Qur’an explicitly states that Jesus was man, not God. The Qur’an teaches that Jesus ascended body and soul into heaven, and that another man was crucified in Jesus’ place.
Since Muslims believe that people are born inherently good, and that God loves those who obey Him, there is no concept of redemption in Islam. Muslims strive to earn God’s pleasure and rewards based on their own merits.
Concept of Sin in Islam
God created man with free will to either obey Him or not. In Islam, sinning includes all actions which contradict the commandments or Will of God. There are both major and minor sins in Islam.
In Islam, no person is held accountable for the sin of another. The Qur’an states: “Whoever goes right, then he goes right only for the benefit of his own self. And whoever goes astray, then he goes astray to his own loss. No one laden with burdens can bear another’s burden. And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning).” (Qur’an 17:15)
Repentance (Tawbah) and Forgiveness
While Muslims fear their accountability on the Day of Judgment, they are hopeful for God’s mercy. Muslims believe that sincere repentance (tawbah) and good deeds can help atone for their sins, and that God is Merciful and Forgiving.
“Say: O my slaves who have transgressed against themselves! Despair not for the mercy of Allah: verily Allah forgives all sins. Truly He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an 39:53)
Islam teaches that there is only one sin which won’t be forgiven: shirk.Shirk is the association of partners with God, or any other compromise of Islamic monotheism and the divine Oneness of God.
Salvation in Islam
Muslims do not believe in salvation on the merit of faith alone. On the Day of Judgment a person will be fairly judged according to his faith, his actions, and his efforts to sincerely repent. Ultimately, however, it is the Mercy and Forgiveness of God which will admit a person to Paradise, and not just his faith and deeds.
For more reading on the related topic please read below which is copy-pasted from https://suite.io/christine-benlafquih/2bd52y5
Christian and Islamic theology both hold that the Devil is a being who tries to lead people into sin and ultimately, into the hell fire. Christians refer to the Devil as Satan or Lucifer, while Muslims refer to him as Shaytan (also spelled Shaitan) or Iblis.
Is Satan a Fallen Angel?
Most Christians believe that the Devil, or Satan, is a fallen angel. In Christianity, a fallen angel is an angel who has been banished from heaven for rebellious or disobedient behavior. Henceforth, they are known as arch-angels, satans, or devils. Satan is believed to be the most powerful among them.
While the Bible does make reference to the fact that Satan was cast out from heaven, there is no verse in the Bible which specifically labels him either an angel or a fallen angel.
Satan Is a Jinn and Not an Angel
Islamic teaching holds that there is no such thing as a fallen angel, because angels don’t possess free will and are incapable of disobedience to their creator. Although Iblis was originally in Heaven in the company of angels, he was a jinn – a different kind of being than angels.
Angels are created from light, while jinn are created from smokeless fire. Unlike angels, jinn do have free will and can commit sins.
Satan (Iblis) in the Qur’an
The Bible offers no account of why Satan (Iblis, Shaytan) was thrown out of heaven, but the Qur’an explains that his fall from grace is due to his refusal to obey Allah and prostrate to Adam.
According to the Qur’an, “(Allah) said: ‘What prevented you (O Iblis) that you did not prostrate yourself when I commanded you?’ (Iblis) said: ‘I am better than him (Adam). You created me from fire, and him You created from clay.’ (Allah) said: ‘(O Iblis) get down from this (Paradise), it is not for you to be arrogant here. Get out, for you are of those humiliated and disgraced.'” (Qur’an 7: 12-13)
Satan Will Misguide Man Until the Day of Judgment
Muslims believe that for his punishment, Allah sentenced Satan to eternity in Hell. However, at Satan’s request, Allah permitted him to roam the earth and misguide man until the Day of Judgment.
According to the Qur’an, “(Iblis) said: ‘Allow me respite till the Day they are raised up (i.e. the Day of Resurrection).’ (Allah) said: ‘You are one of those respited.’ (Iblis) said: ‘Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path. Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most them as thankful ones (i.e. they will not be dutiful to You).’ (Allah) said (to Iblis): ‘Get out from this (Paradise), disgraced and expelled. Whoever of them (mankind) will follow you, then surely I will fill Hell with you all.'” (Qur’an 7: 14-18)
Christianity shares the belief with Islam that Satan will attempt to lead men astray. Despite the different natures of Satan in Islam and Satan in Christianity, both theologies agree that the Devil is a powerful entity who was disobedient to God and wishes mankind to be sinful as well.