Assalaam alaikum, Following is the first part of the text I wrote, before writing the Question no 18. I wrote it for the better understanding so that it becomes easy and enjoyable to answer the Question. The Text Before Question 18 consists of three parts. One by one we will read all three of them and after that we will be finding answer for Question 18.
Allah All-Merciful tests His servant from time to time so that, everyone around the servant knows the reality of this servant, whether this servant stands stead fast in his religion, during and after the tests or this servant falters in his religion during and after the tests? We all, men or women, young or old, are servants, [a’bd (Arabic), bande (Urdu)], of Allah. Therefore when ever ‘the servant’ [‘he’, ‘his’ or ‘him’] is mentioned, just imagine it as ‘I’, ‘mine’ and ‘me’ and read it as ‘I’, ‘mine’ and ‘me’ for the better understanding. I request you to do so because all these teachings are for me and us, and also that these must be practiced now and without delay.
There can be three types of tests or hardships [azmaishen] from Allah All-Mighty.
One is the wrath and anger of Allah i.e. ‘azabe Ilahi’ or Allah ki narazgi. When ever the servant is not practicing the rules of Allah, it makes Allah All-Mighty extremely angry and He All-Mighty is not shy of putting that servant through hardships who does not obey the divine rules of All-Mighty. Allah warns His servant that He All-mighty will keep on sending small tests, hardships, ‘azab’ before sending the bigger test, the final test of the Doomsday, [‘azab e akhrat’]. So in the life of this world the servant must correct his mistakes, make up for his sins and return to Him All-Mighty for forgiveness. By doing so the servant will be on the right path, he will start living his life according to Allah’s divine rules. By correcting his mistakes, making up for his sins and returning to Him All-Mighty for forgiveness the servant will attain his inner soul’s peace and also peace with outer world around him. These tests or hardships [azmaishen] are sent when the relationship of the servant with Allah All-Mighty becomes weak. Then the servant becomes aloof from his religion. He becomes thankless towards Allah. He starts appreciating and depending more upon the worldly plans, possessions and circumstances than on Allah All-mighty. Such a servant forgets that Allah All-Giver gave him all these worldly things [for e.g. assets, possessions, wisdom, health, education, hard work, relatives, friends every thing one can think of…] to carry on with this worldly life. When a servant, whose relationship with Allah is weak, receives a blessing from Allah All-Giver instead of becoming humble and thankful to Him All-Giver for giving him all these blessings, the servant thinks it is all because of his own wisdom and hard work which ended in this fruitful way. The proud servant thinks he rightly deserved all this. At this point the servant forgets that Allah All-Giver has bestowed His blessings upon the servant. Therefore the servant becomes very proud ‘mutakabbir’ in him-self. As the servant becomes thankless, he drifts away from Allah All-Giver and stops practicing religion Islam [salah, fasting, Islamic tax, zakat, charity, khairat, good relations with relatives, friends and people around in general etc, etc and all other obligatory actions faraiz] altogether or a part of Islam in the proper way as it should be practiced, the whole hearted way. Such a servant who is drifting away from Allah becomes proud ‘mutakabbir’ in himself and rude to people around. Islamic teachings grooms the servant not to become proud ‘mutakabbir’ and the servant must never think even in the hearts of his heart that he deserved it because of his own hard work or because of any other worldly reason. The reality is many a time the servant may have worked very hard with many worldly facilities but his efforts were fruitless in spite of all those facilities and worldly helps. The servant’s hard work is fruit full only when Allah makes it fruitful. If a proud ‘mutakabbir’ servant is going through hardships in life for e.g. if he is experiencing discontentment in spite of all the luxuries of his status, or has health problems without any apparent reason, or is dissatisfied with his children, or has problems with spouse or any other relationship, or has material problems, loss in business, poverty or he is not getting required results in spite of hard work etc. etc. or there can be any other reason of physical or/and emotional torture and pain i.e. any other calamity ‘nagahani afat’, he must immediately watch his own self may be he missed any action made obligatory by Allah [‘farz’ of Allah] or may be any obligatory act [‘faraiz’] concerning his parents or concerning his dependents or concerning his community on the whole are incomplete or missing altogether. The servant must immediately come back to his duties towards his parents, dependents, community and towards Allah, The Creator. The servant must immediately realize his mistakes, repent, ask for His All-Giver’s forgiveness [astaghfar], work hard to make up for the mistakes and make sure never to repeat them again. While doing all this, the servant must remember what all goodies Allah has given him. He must thank Him All-Giver many times through the day [at least after each salah]. Allah is the most compassionate. He All-mighty, always accepts repentance [astaghfar] when He All-Mighty is called for help, and He All-Merciful shows His servants the way to work for the missed obligatory actions [faraiz]. Allah loves repentance, gratitude and hard work. The servant must practice all these teachings because these are the only and indispensable ways to achieve peace and harmony with the servant’s own self and also with all around the servant.
May Allah make Islam easy for us to understand and to practice. Ameen. May Allah bless us all. Ameen.