There is a lot of emphasis on supplications and invocations ‘du’aaen’ in Islam. The servant knows there are many ‘masnoon’ (those supplications which the Prophet PBUH, himself used to pray to Allah) supplications (dua’aen) also, which the servant is encouraged to recite to Allah. But the servant is also permitted to perform supplications in his own language and in his own words. Language is not (na’oozo billah) a problem for Allah. He All-Mighty encourages His servants to ask for any thing from Him the All-Giver, up to any limit and up till any length of time. The correct way of invoking supplications is as follows;
Onething to remember while performing supplications is that, supplications should be such that they are possible in this world for e.g. to ask Allah to make my black eyes blue is not a correct supplication, or like wise, to make me the president of United States of America is also not a correct one. When I am born with black eyes I must remain satisfied and happy with my black eyes because these are what Allah decided and liked for me. Like wise when I am living in Pakistan, studying and working in Pakistan, I have no intentions of going to America, then how can I demand from Allah to make me its president? The servant must ask Allah something for which the servant can also do some work practically for e.g. to give the servant good health or to make him a multi billionaire. Now good health and wealth are totally in Allah’s hands but still the servant can practically and emotionally do some work (with Allah’s help) to make his health better. In the same way he can make better decisions (with Allah’s help) and work harder (with Allah’s help) to make more money and to spend it (with Allah’s help) in a correct way so that it does not get wasted.
The secondthing is to make supplications only for the betterment and never for a wrong doing or for harm to someone (e.g. a curse or a bud-du’aa). If the servant is hurt by someone he can always ask Allah to take revenge for him because; Firstly because Allah knows well the pain of His servant (Allah dilon ke hal janta hai). Secondly because Allah is the most powerful and He All-mighty can take a better revenge than the servant. But if the servant opts to take revenge himself then Allah will not take revenge for the servant and we remember here that the servant is a mere human being with limited powers therefore may not be able to take full revenge himself. Once something of Hazrat ‘Aisha got stolen, she threw a curse on the thief (chor pe la’nat bheji). The Prophet PBUH said if you had not cursed the thief, Allah would have taken revenge for you but now as you have cursed him and taken your revenge your self, He All-Mighty will not take your revenge on the thief for you.
The third thing is to include parents, grand parents, children, relatives, friends and countrymen in one’s supplications, especially the parents.
The fourth thing is to always perform supplications (du’aaen) after a prayer (namaz), may it be a farz prayer or a Sunnah or a nafal prayer. Allah loves His, those, servants who are keen to practice namaz and He All-Mighty listens to those supplications which are performed after a prayer (namaz). Allah’s promise with His servant that He All-Mighty will give him what he asks for, is for those supplications which are asked after the prayers. All the other things that the servant keeps on asking Allah while doing his normal chores of life are not supplications (du’aaen). They are called wishes, desires and hopes ‘Urdu: khwahishat’.
The fifth thing is when the servant asks Allah something in supplications he must do it withfull conviction and trust in Allah that Allah is listening to the servant and He All-Mighty will accept his supplications and will definitely provide him with what he asks for. At this point once again we revise what Allah will do with each supplication which we demand from Him All-Mighty. When supplications are performed with this total conviction and absolute trustworthy state of mind, that Allah is listening to the servant and He All-Mighty will accept all his supplications and provide him with what he asks for, Allah All-Mighty tells the servant that for each supplication which the servant asks Him, He All-Mighty may do any one of the four things.
1.He All-Mighty may accept the supplication as it is and give the servant what he asked for.2.Or the supplication is not accepted as it is asked but instead Allah may give the servant some other blessing.
3.OrAllah may not give any blessing, neither the one asked nor any other but a tragedy or a disaster which was to come the servant’s way is deviated from him for ever.
4.Or Allah may not give any blessing nor a disaster is avoided, but the supplication is added to his good deeds (nekiyan) and is postponed to be given as good deeds (nekiyan) on the Day of Judgment. At that crucial time i.e. on the Day of Judgment, there will be thick darkness every where. Even the servant’s body plus feet will be covered in thick darkness. That Day the servant will want that none of his supplications were accepted in this world and all were given to him on That Day because all the good deeds of the servant will shine brightly on That Day. The good deeds will emit light and move in front of the feet of the servant on That Day. When his hands will not be visible even to him, in the light of his good deeds he will be able to see the path and will be able to cross the thinnest bridge ever the Bridge of Sarat ‘pul sarat’. This light will be specific for specific servant. The servant will use his own light. No one will be able to rent or steal other’s light. The intensity, brightness and coverage area of this light will depend upon the high number of and higher quality of the servant’s good deeds. The more the number of good deeds and the better the quality of the good deeds (’ala darje ki nekyan), the brighter, the powerful the light will be and also covering more area. The less the number of good deeds and lesser the quality of good deeds (nichle darje ki nekyan), less bright and weaker the light will be and also covering less area. In a tradition of Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him we are told that there will be some people on the Day of Judgment whose light will be so less that it will not go beyond their own two feet.
At this point we stop for a while to think about a place where we will go on the Day of Judgment. The place will be totally new to us and very dark. The darkest than any dark place we know in this world. The only light will be of good deeds which we have to prepare now in this world. Inshallah we will discuss in other questions about these two types of deeds, the higher, the better quality of good deeds (’ala darje ki nekyan) and the weaker, the lower quality of good deeds (nichle darje ki nekyan) which we know from Quran and Sunnah.
Now the question arises what are those supplications which will shine on the Day of Judgment and light the path so the servant is able to cross The Bridge Sarat ‘pul sarat’? What things can we ask Allah to give us in our supplications which when added to the good deeds will light our path to heaven (jannat)? So our next question is about supplications and invocations ‘du’aa’ which will turn into light on the Day of Judgment.
Qn no 19: What things can we ask Allah to give us in our supplications which when added to the good deeds will light our path to heaven (jannat)?
Choose one or more most appropriate from below:
The servant can ask Allah for ………………
1]……..His All-Mighty’s forgiveness of all sins (‘gunaahe saghira’, small sins and ‘gunaahe kabira’, big sins) which the servant did knowingly or unknowingly.
2]……. hiding all his mistakes, faults, blunders from people.
3]……..showing the servant the faults of his personality and spirit and to give him ability to correct them.
4]……..The removal of all difficulties from his life and death, and for comfort & easiness in his life and death.
5]……..long life, good health, infinite wealth and happiness, beauty, strength, power, etc. etc.
6]……..the understanding of teachings of Allah and His Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him ‘nek hidayat’ of good and bad and courage to choose the good and to reject the evil.
7]……..giving him the wisdom ‘hikmat’ to make correct decisions in life.
8]……..all his efforts to end in the correct and best way possible (her kaam ka behtareen ikhtetam ho).
9]……..the ability to do the better quality of good deeds (’ala darje ki nekyan) which will take him to the higher echelons of this world and of the Here After (jannat).
10]……his near and dear ones to see, hear and enjoy his blessings and he to see, hear, and enjoy theirs.
11]……putting a dislike in his heart for things which Allah dislikes.
12]……a pious, simple life which is led strictly according to Quran and Sunnah which Allah likes.
13]……safety from unexpected disasters, catastrophes, mishaps, misfortunes and tragedies.
14]……safety from jealousy and bad intentions of people, black magic etc. etc.
15]……calmness in spirit, coolness of mind, and peace of heart.
16]……increase in the blessings which He already has given him, and not to decrease any one from them.
17]……keeping him away from all the sins (‘saghira’ small and ‘kabira’ big) and all the sins be kept away from him.
The servant can ask Allah for ………………
18]……giving him opportunities to earn in a rightful manner ‘rizqe halal’, correct in the eyes of Allah.
19]……keeping him in the company of good people (good relatives and friends).
20]……keeping all the inabilities, incapacities and disabilities (physical financial, emotional any type) away from him especially in old age.
21]……the forgiveness of all sins of his relatives and friends who are dead and for their place in paradise.
22]……the acceptance of all his prayers and supplications by Allah and for their rewards in this life and here after.
23]……his country to become the best in every field and to keep her safe from all types of disasters, tragedies.
24]……all of the above.
25]……some of the above.
26]……none of the above.
Answer no 19 is option 24]…All of the above. Point to be noted here is that all the options are for life (zindagi), in this world, eventually the Here After will follow automatically depending upon the life spent in this world. The question arises why many people think that when a person enters a religion in this process he has to leave this world behind? It is because in many other religions of the world for e.g. Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism etc. etc. it is precisely so. A person has to leave the world, worldly joys and works to be fully in that religion. ‘Piety’ in those religions, is to leave worldly pleasures. But in Islam we believe that piety is to practice goodness in worldly matters.
Actually all the things that usually we can think of are the things that Allah gave us without our asking Him. For e.g. health, wealth, education, relatives, friends, job, position if any, sleep, contentment, etc, etc. certainly we can ask more of these and many others too. The question is in addition to these, what else can a servant ask? The powers of Allah All- Mighty are infinite, unlimited. I think the best and the superior among these things is the understanding to know the difference of good and bad ‘nek hidayat’ in daily lives. To be able to choose good and to be able to reject bad. The wisdom ‘hikmat’ is to make correct decisions in life. To start and to end a job in the best way that can be possible in this world. So the best thing to be asked by the servant in his supplications is the understanding of Islam and to be able to practice it in the best way because Islamic ways are the best ways to do worldly things. The servant must take utmost care to understand and practice Islam, which is Allah’s beloved religion, and Allah will take care of the servant’s worldly affairs.
May Allah make all of us good Muslims. Ameen.
Thanks for being with me.