Quran: Chapter/ Sipara 3 ‘Tilkar Rosolu’, Sura: 2 ‘Al Baqarah’, Verse: 261- 263:
Verse: 261: The likeness of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah, is as the likeness of a grain (of corn); it grows seven ears, and each ear has a hundred grains. Allah gives manifold increase to whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures needs, All-Knower.
Verse: 262: Those who spend their wealth in the Cause of Allah, and do not follow up their gifts with reminders of their generosity or with injury, their reward is with their Lord. On them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
Verse: 263: Kind words and forgiving of faults are better than Sadaqah (charity)
followed by injury. And Allah is Rich (Free of all needs) and He is Most-Forbearing.
Explanation by samia2010oct: Allah encourages Muslims to spend wealth in the way of Allah. It is further explained in the above Verses that ‘the way of Allah’ means; 1) to spend in the Cause of Allah, 2) to spend as gifts to each other and 3) to give in charity. Wealth means all types of wealth for e.g. wealth of time, energy, money, resources, includes all types of wealth which Allah has given to an individual.
1) The Cause of Allah means to spread Allah’s teachings by all means of publishing and media, whether by the word of mouth, or by writing or by any other means.
2) When gifts are given to relatives and friends, the giver must give gifts not with expectations and intentions that the receiver will also give back the same type, quality or cost of gifts. May be the gift taker is not in a financial position to reciprocate in those ways. Gifts must never be reminded any time after giving them, so the injury must not be caused by the gift giver to the gift taker. Gift taker must never be made to feel small, insulted, burdened, or dishonored, because of the gift he received. The spirit of giving gifts is to increase the good will, closeness and love between the gift giver and gift taker. So keeping that in mind rewards should be expected from Allah All-Mighty, because many times especially in family relationships some people do not reciprocate a good will gesture with same good will gesture as the giver did. So the giver must not become disheartened and he must not stop giving any gifts thinking the other side will never reciprocate in a good way. Instead the gift giver is encouraged to give gift according to his own status with hopes of rewards from Allah The All-Knower, The All-Doer. Because it is Allah Only, Who puts love and respect for the gift giver, in gift taker’s heart.
3) When a poor person asks for charity, charity giver must give charity exhibiting good manners, politeness, graciousness, civility, humbleness, modesty and respect. Sometimes the charity taker asks for charity at an odd time. May be the charity giver is sleeping at that time or doing something which is extremely important to him. Or may be the poor person becomes very pushy, assertive, impatient, and noisy when demanding charity (that in itself is bad in the Eyes of Allah) which may make the charity giver uncomfortable and irritated. This is the time of test for the charity giver. The charity giver must not lose his patience, his control, he must not be harsh and must not become ill tampered with the charity taker. The spirit is that the charity giver is giving charity to make Allah happy. Allah loves people with good manners and good behaviour. Allah does not need charity as in Verse 263 ‘And Allah is Rich (Free of all needs) and He is Most-Forbearing’. On the other hand it is the need of people to behave with each other in a good manner and in a modest patient way. If the charity giver behaves in such a way that the charity taker feels insulted, sad, or emotionally burdened by the charity giver, Allah is not happy with that charity giver. So by being impolite and ill mannered, all this charity is lost because Allah is not happy this way.