Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), and gambling, and ‘Al-Ansab’ sacrifices at altars, and ‘Al-Azlam’ arrows for seeking luck or decision, are an abomination of Shaitan’s Satan’s handiwork. Quran 5:90

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Quran: Chapter 7, Sipara: ‘Wa Iza Sameu’, Sura: 5 ‘Al- Maidah’ ‘The Table spread with food’,

Verse 90: O you who believe! Intoxicants (Arabic: Khamr) (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), and gambling (Arabic: Maysir), and Al-Ansab sacrifices at altars, and ‘Al-Azlam’ arrows for seeking luck or decision are an abomination of Shaitan’s Satan’s handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may be successful.

Difficult words: Intoxicants: (Arabic: Khamr) 1. General: Substance which when taken into a body by one mean or another produces a condition of reduced mental and physical ability, hyperexcitability, or confusion and disorientation. Commonly, a beverage is classified as an intoxicating when its alcoholic content is 0.5 percent or more. 2. Medicine: Substance that poisons or produces symptoms of poisoning in a body. From Greek ‘toxicon,’ poison. Gambling: (Arabic: Maysir) game of chance, game of betting. Al-Ansab’: to make sacrifices at altars of deities and idols. Altars: An elevated place or structure before which religious ceremonies may be enacted or upon which sacrifices may be offered. Abomination: a very bad job, an extremely unpleasant- hateful- disliked work.     

Verse 91: ‘Shaitan’ Satan wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from remembrance of Allah and from ‘As-salat’ the prayer. So will you not abstain?

{Disclaimer;  Explanation by Ibne Kathir is researched and written by  http://quran4u.com/Tafsir%20Ibn%20Kathir/005%20Ma%27idah.htm#لَّذِين  – I just copy-pasted from that site. I only added the date of births, date of deaths of the scholars and the places at which they took place. I also added some more text color than in the original article.}

Explanation by Ibne Kathir [The respected Imam Abu Al-Fida’, `Imad Ad-Din Isma il bin ‘Umar bin Kathir Al-Qurashi Al-Busrawi– born in Busra 701 H/ 1301 Christian Era– died in Damascus in 774 H1373CE. http://www.dar-us-salam.com/authors/hafiz-ibn-kathir.htm

Prohibiting Khamr (Intoxicants) and Maysir (Gambling) 

Allah says;
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالأَنصَابُ وَالأَزْلاَمُ …
O you who believe! Khamr, Maysir, Ansab, and Azlam are,
Allah forbids His believing servants from consuming Khamr and Maysir which is gambling.
Ibn Abi Hatim

[ samia2010oct; Abu Muhammad Abd al-Rahman bin Abi Hatim Muhammad bin Idris al-Razi al-Hanzali, well-known under the name Ibn Abi Hatim, born in al-Rayy (near modern Tehran) in the year 240 H/ 854 CE and died in the same city in the year 327 H/ 938 CE. http://www.sunnipress.com/new/ma/ibnabihatem.htm ]

recorded that Ali bin Abi Talib, the Leader of the Faithful,

[samia2010oct; Ali ibn Abu Talib Companion (RA) b. 600 CE, Makkah d. 661 CE / 40 AH, Kufa, Iraq.  http://ourislamonline.tripod.com/ali.htm ]

said that; chess is a type of gambling.
Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ata,

[samia2010oct: Ata Ibn  Ata’illah as-Sakandari Full name Taj ad-Din Abu’l-Fadl Ahmad b.Muhammad b. Abd al-Karim b. Ata’illah as Sakandari, al-Judhami ash-Shadhili, known simply as Ibn  Ata’illah as-Sakandari, was born in Alexandria, Egypt, as his family tree (nisbah) indicates, about the middle of the seventh [AH] /thirteenth [CE] century. He died at around 60 years of age in 709 AH/ 1309 CE and was buried there in the Qarafa cemetery. http://privat.bahnhof.se/wb042294Texter/bionotes/bio_ibn_3ata_Allah.html#bio-brief

Mujahid

[samia2010oct: Imam Mujahid Ibn Jabar al-Makhzumi al-Makkee, b. in 20H/ 640 CE or 21H/ 641 CE. d. 103H/ 721 CE or 104H/ 722 CE. http://www.islamlife.com/religion2/component/content/article/69-later-scholars/602-imam-mujahid-ibn-jabar-al-makhzumi ]

and Tawus,

[samia2010oct: Tawus (Dhakwan) bin Kaysan al-Yemeni al-Jundi. Parents: Kaysan/ a woman from Iran, b. 30 AH/ 650 CE in Yemen- d. 106/ 724 CE or after [Natural] http://muslimscholars.info/manage2.php?submit=scholar&ID=11433 ]

or , two of them, said that; every type of gambling, including children’s playing with (a certain type of) nuts, is Maysir.
Ibn Umar

[samia2010oct; ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab b. Nufayl b. ‘Abdul-‘Uzza b. Riyah b. ‘Abdullah b. Qurt b. Razah Companion (RA) b. 10 BH/613 CE (Makkah), d. 74 AH/693 CE (Makkah)  http://muslimscholars.info/m/manage.php?submit=scholar&ID=18 ]

said that; Al-Maysir means gambling, and this is the same statement that Ad-Dahhak

[samia2010oct: Dahhak Al Hilali (d. 106 H) Abu al-Qasim al-Dahhak ibn Muzahim al-Hilali, Tafsir scholar, was probably born in Kufa where he grew up and obtained education. http://islamicencyclopedia.org/public/index/topicDetail/id/249 ]

reported from Ibn Abbas,

[samia2010oct: Abdullah ibn Abbas, b. 619 CE, d. 690 CE/ 70 AH. Abdullah was the son of Abbas, an uncle of the noble Prophet. He was born just three years before the Hijrah. He passed away at the age of seventy one in the mountainous city of Taif. http://www.sunnah.org/history/Sahaba/abbas.html ]

who added,
“They used to gamble during the time of Jahiliyyah, until Islam came. Allah then forbade them from this evil behavior.”
Meaning of Ansab and Azlam
According to Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Ata’, Sa`id bin Jubayr

[samia2010oct: Sa`id bin Jubayr also known as Abū Muhammad, was born in KufaIraq in 665 CE/ 44 AH. He was a religious scholar. He was martyred in the month of Sha’bān, 95 AH (ca. May 714) at the age of 49.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sa’id_ibn_Jubayr ]

and Al-Hasan,

[samia2010oct: Imam Hasan bin Ali: b. 3 AH/ 625 CE, d. 50 AH./ 670 CE [On the fifteenth of the holy month of Ramadhan, in the third year after Hijrah (migration), the Prophetic house announced the birth of the first grandson of the Prophet [s]. (chapter WHAT A BABY!) Imam Hasan [a] attained martyrdom on the seventh day of the month of Safar (or the fifth or twentieth of the month of Rabi’ al-Awwal in some reports), in the year 50 A.H., (chapter POST-TREATY ERA) http://www.al-islam.org/gallery/kids/Books/2ndimam/index.htm ]

Al-Ansab were altar stones, in whose vicinity sacrifices were offered (during the time of Jahiliyyah).
As Ibn Abi Hatim narrated they also said that; Al-Azlam were arrows that they used for lotteries to make decisions.
Allah said,
… رِجْسٌ مِّنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ …
A Rijs of Shaytan‘s handiwork, meaning, abomination of Shaytan‘s handiwork, according to Ali bin Abi Talhah

[samia2010oct: ‘Ali bin Abi Talha: d. 143 AH [ Natural ], Area of interest: Narrator[Grade:Sadooq] [ م د س ق – صدوق ]  http://muslimscholars.info/manage2.php?submit=scholar&ID=10948 ]

who reported it from Ibn Abbas.
Sa`id bin Jubayr said that; Rijs means `sin’.
while Zayd bin Aslam

[samia2010oct: Zayd bin Aslam [Abu Usama, Abu ‘Abdullah] Follower(Tabi’) [3rd Generation] d. 136 AH/ 753 CE [ Natural death ]  http://muslimscholars.info/manage2.php?submit=scholar&ID=11163 ]

said; “An evil handiwork of Shaytan.”
… فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ …
So avoid that, avoid all of these abominations,
… لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ ﴿٩٠﴾
in order that you may be successful.
and this is a statement of encouragement.
Allah said next,
إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَن يُوقِعَ بَيْنَكُمُ الْعَدَاوَةَ وَالْبَغْضَاء فِي الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْسِرِ وَيَصُدَّكُمْ عَن ذِكْرِ اللّهِ وَعَنِ الصَّلاَةِ فَهَلْ أَنتُم مُّنتَهُونَ ﴿٩١﴾
Shaytan wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with Khamr (intoxicants) and Maysir (gambling), and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah and from the Salah (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain!
This is a threat and a warning.
وَأَطِيعُواْ اللّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ الرَّسُولَ وَاحْذَرُواْ فَإِن تَوَلَّيْتُمْ فَاعْلَمُواْ أَنَّمَا عَلَى رَسُولِنَا الْبَلاَغُ الْمُبِينُ ﴿٩٢﴾
And obey Allah and obey the Messenger, and beware. Then if you turn away, you should know that it is Our Messenger’s duty to convey in the clearest way.
Hadiths that Prohibit Khamr (Intoxicants)
Imam Ahmad

[samia2010oct- Imam Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hambal, Born at Baghdad on the Ist of Rabi-ul-Awwal, 164 AH. (December 780 CE)/ died 241 AH (855 CE)http://www.renaissance.com.pk/mjuletfor96.html  ]

recorded that Abu Hurayrah

[samia2010oct; Abu Hurairah, Abu Hurairah, ‘Abdullah (or `Abd al-Rahman or ‘Abd Shams) ibn Sakhr Ad-Dausi Companion.(RA) [1st Generation] b. 12 BH/603 CE (Baha, Yemen). d. 59 AH/681 CE (Medinah [Natural death]. http://muslimscholars.info/manage2.php?submit=scholar&ID=13  ]

said, “There were three stages to prohibiting Khamr (intoxicants). When the Messenger of Allah migrated to Al-Madinah, the people were consuming alcohol and gambling, so they asked the Messenger of Allah about these things, Allah revealed,
يَسْـَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْسِرِ قُلْ فِيهِمَآ إِثْمٌ كَبِيرٌ وَمَنَـفِعُ لِلنَّاسِ
They ask you about alcoholic drink and gambling. Say: “In them is a great sin, and (some) benefit for men.” (2:219) until the end of the Ayah.
The people said, `They (intoxicants and gambling) were not prohibited for us. Allah only said, فِيهِمَآ إِثْمٌ كَبِيرٌ وَمَنَـفِعُ لِلنَّاسِ (In them is a great sin, and (some) benefit for men).’
So they went on drinking Khamr until one day, one of the emigrants lead his companions in the Maghrib prayer and mixed up the Ayat in his recitation. Thereafter, Allah sent down a tougher statement,
يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تَقْرَبُواْ الصَّلَوةَ وَأَنتُمْ سُكَـرَى حَتَّى تَعْلَمُواْ مَا تَقُولُونَ
O you who believe! Approach not the Salah (the prayer) when you are in a drunken state until you know (the meaning of) what you utter. (4:43)
Then, the people would drink before the time of the prayer so that they would attend the prayer while sober.
A firmer Ayah was later revealed,
يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ …… أَنتُم مُّنتَهُونَ
O you who believe! Khamr, Maysir, Ansab, and Azlam are an abomination of Shaytan‘s handiwork. So avoid that in order that you may be successful.
Shaytan wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with Khamr (intoxicants) and Maysir (gambling), and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah and from the Salah (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain! (5:90-91)
So they said, `We abstained, O Lord!’ Later, some people said, `O Allah’s Messenger! Some people died in the cause of Allah, while some others died in their beds, but they used to drink alcohol and indulge in gambling, which Allah has made a Rijs of the work of Shaytan.’ So Allah sent down,
لَيْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّالِحَاتِ جُنَاحٌ فِيمَا طَعِمُواْ …
Those who believe and do righteous good deeds, there is no sin on them for what they ate… (5:93) until the end of the Ayah.
The Prophet said,
لَوْ حُرِّمَ عَلَيْهِمْ لَتَرَكُوهُ كَمَا تَرَكْتُم
Had they been made impermissible for them, they would have abandoned them as you have abandoned them.
Ahmad recorded this Hadith.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Umar bin Al-Khattab

[samia2010oct; ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab [Abu Hafs, al-Farooq] Companion.(RA) [1st Generation]. Umar bin al-Khattab b. Nufayl b. ‘Abdul-‘Uzza b. Riyah b. ‘Abdullah b. Qurt b. Razah b. ‘Adi b. Ka’b. b. 41 BH/582 CE, Makkah. d. 23 AH/645 CE, Medinah, Martyred. Commander, Khalifah  http://muslimscholars.info/manage2.php?submit=scholar&ID=3  ]

said, “O Allah! Explain the verdict about Khamr to us clearly.”
The Ayah in Surah Al-Baqarah was revealed,
يَسْـَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْسِرِ قُلْ فِيهِمَآ إِثْمٌ كَبِيرٌ
They ask you about alcoholic drink and gambling.
Say: “In them is a great sin.” (2:219)
Umar was summoned and this Ayah was recited to him, but he still said, “O Allah! Make the verdict of Khamr clear to us.”
Then the Ayah in Surah An-Nisa’ was revealed,
يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تَقْرَبُواْ الصَّلَوةَ وَأَنتُمْ سُكَـرَى
O you who believe! Do not approach the Salah when you are in a drunken state. (4:43)
Thereafter, the Prophet had someone herald when it was time to pray, “Those in a drunken state are not to approach the prayer.”
Umar was again summoned and the Ayah was recited to him, but he still said, “O Allah! Make the verdict concerning Khamr clear to us.”
Then, the Ayah in Surah Al-Ma’idah (5:91) was revealed, and Umar was summoned and it was recited to him.
When he reached the part of the Ayah that reads, فَهَلْ أَنتُم مُّنتَهُونَ (So, will you not then abstain). ( 5:91) Umar said, “We abstained, we abstained.”
Abu Dawud

[samia2010oct- Imam Abu Dawud Sulaiman ibn Ash`ath ibn Ishaq ibn Bashir ibn Shaddad ibn `Umar ibn `Imran al-Azdi Sajastani, born in Sajistan, Khurasan, in 202 A.H., 817 CE, died on Friday 16th Shawwal 275 A.H., 889 CE, at the age of 72. http://www.sunnah.org/history/Scholars/imam_abu_dawud.htm],

At-Tirmidhi

[samia2010oct- Imam Abū ‛Īsa Muḥammad ibn ‛Īsa ibn Sawrah ibn Mūsa ibn al Ḍaḥḥāk al-Sulamīat-Tirmidhī (b. 209 AH in Khurasan– d. 279 AH at Bawag /824- 892 CE) http://sunnah.com/tirmidhi/about ],

and An-Nasa’i

[samia2010oct- Imam Aḥmad ibn Shu`ayb ibn `Alī ibn Sīnān Abū `Abd ar-Raḥmān al-Nasā’ī (214 -303 AH/ ca. 829 – 915 AD/CE) http://sunnah.com/nasai/about ]

recorded this Hadith.

Ali bin Al-Madini

[samia2010oct- Abū al-Ḥasan ʻAlī ibn ʻAbdillāh ibn Jaʻfaral-Madīnī was born in the year 778 CE/161 AH in BasraIraq to a family with roots in Medina now in Saudi Arabia. He died in Samarra, Iraq in June, 849 CE/Dhu al-Qa’dah, 234 AH. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ali_ibn_al-Madini ]

and At-Tirmidhi graded it Sahih.
It is recorded in the Two Sahihs, that Umar bin Al-Khattab said in a speech; while standing on the Minbar of the Messenger of Allah (in the Prophet’s Masjid in Al-Madinah),
“O people! The prohibition of Khamr was revealed; and Khamr was extracted from five things: From grapes, dates, honey, wheat and barley. Khamr is what intoxicates the mind.”
Al-Bukhari

[samia2010oct- Full nameImâm Abû `Abdullâh Muhammad ibn Ismâ`îl al-Bukhârî (b. 194 H Bukhara present day Uzbekistan– d. 256 H Kharteng / 809 CE 869 CE)  http://www.sunnah.org/history/Scholars/imam_bukhari.htm ]

recorded that Ibn `Umar

said, “The prohibition of Khamr was revealed when there were five kinds of intoxicants in Al-Madinah, besides what was produced from grapes.”
Another Hadith
Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas

[samia2010oct; Anas bin Malik [Abu Hamza] Companion.(RA) b. [1st Generation] 10 BH/613 CE (Medinah). d. 93 AH/712 CE (Basrah)[ Natural] http://muslimscholars.info/manage2.php?submit=scholar&ID=1]

said,
“I once was giving an alcoholic beverage to Abu Ubaydah bin Al-Jarrah, Ubayy bin Ka`b, Suhayl bin Bayda’ and several of their friends meeting at Abu Talhah‘s house. When they were almost intoxicated, some Muslims came and said, `Did you not know that Khamr has been prohibited?’
They said, `We’ll wait and ask.’ They then said, `O Anas! Spill the remaining alcohol out of your container.’
By Allah! They never drank it again, and their Khamr at that time was made from unripe and normal dates.”’
This is also recorded in the Two Sahihs.
In another narration by Anas,
“I was the butler of the people in the house of Abu Talhah when Khamr was prohibited, and in those days alcohol was made from unripe and normal dates. A caller then heralded, and Abu Talhah ordered me to see what it was about. So I found that a person was announcing that alcoholic drinks had been prohibited. Abu Talhah ordered me to go out and spill the wine.
I went out and spilled it, and it flowed in the streets of Al-Madinah.
Some people said, `Some people were killed and wine was still in their stomachs.’ Later on, Allah’s revelation came,
لَيْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّالِحَاتِ جُنَاحٌ فِيمَا طَعِمُواْ …
Those who believe and do righteous good deeds, there is no sin on them for what they ate… (5:93)”
Ibn Jarir 

[samia2010oct- Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari born 224 H/ 838 CE in Amol, Tapuria Iran– died 310 H./ 923 CE Baghdad. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_ibn_Jarir_al-Tabari#Biography ]

recorded that Anas bin Malik said,
“I was serving Abu Talhah, Abu Ubaydah bin Al-Jarrah, Abu Dujanah, Mu`adh bin Jabal and Suhayl bin Bayda, until they became intoxicated from an alcoholic drink made of mixed unripe and normal dates. Then I heard someone herald, `Khamr has been made illegal.’ So no one went in or out until we spilled the alcohol and broke its barrels. Some of us then performed ablution and others took a shower, and we wore some perfume. We then went out to the Masjid while the Messenger of Allah was reciting,
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالأَنصَابُ وَالأَزْلاَمُ رِجْسٌ مِّنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ
O you who believe! Khamr, Maysir, Ansab, and Azlam are only an abomination of Shaytan’s handiwork. So avoid that…), (5:90), until, فَهَلْ أَنتُم مُّنتَهُونَ  (So, will you not then abstain). (5:91)
A man asked, `O Allah’s Messenger! What about those who died drinking it?’ Allah sent down the verse,
لَيْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّالِحَاتِ جُنَاحٌ فِيمَا طَعِمُواْ …
Those who believe and do righteous good deeds, there is no sin on them for what they ate. (5:93)”
Another Hadith
Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said,
لُعِنَتِ الْخَمْرُ عَلى عَشْرَةِ أَوْجُهٍ:
لُعِنَتِ الْخَمْرُ بِعَيْنِهَا،
وَشَارِبُهَا،
وَسَاقِيهَا،
وَبَائِعُهَا،
وَمُبْتَاعُهَا،
وَعَاصِرُهَا،
وَمُعْتَصِرُهَا،
وَحَامِلُها،
وَالْمَحْمُولَةُ إِلَيْهِ،
وَآكِلُ ثَمَنِهَا
Ten matters related to Khamr were cursed.
Khamr itself was cursed,
whoever drinks it,
its server,
seller,
buyer,
brewer,
who asks for it to be brewed,
whoever carries it,
whomever it is carried to and
whoever consumes its price.
Abu Dawud and

Ibn Majah 

[samia2010oct- Abu `Abdullah Muhammad bin Yazid bin `Abdullah titled as Ibn Majah was born in 209AH/824 AD in Qizwin, and died on 22nd of Ramadan al-Mubarik 273 AH/ 18th of February, 887 AD at Qizwin and was buried there. http://munirahmadmughal.hubpages.com/hub/Ibn-Majah-Muhaddith ]

recorded this Hadith.
Ahmad recorded that Ibn Umar said,
“Once, the Messenger of Allah went out and I went out with him. I walked to his right, but Abu Bakr came along and I gave way to him, and Abu Bakr was walking on the Prophet‘s right, while I was walking on his left. Then Umar came along and he was walking on the Prophet‘s left, since I gave way to him.
The Messenger of Allah then found a leather skin hanging containing alcohol, so he asked for a knife and ordered that the skin be cut open. He then said,
لُعِنَتِ الْخَمْرُ وَشَارِبُهَا، وَسَاقِيهَا، وَبَائِعُهَا، وَمُبْتَاعُهَا، وَحَامِلُهَا، وَالْمَحْمُولَةُ إِلَيْهِ، وَعَاصِرُهَا وَمُعْتَصِرُهَا، وَآكِلُ ثَمَنِهَا
Khamr was cursed, and so are those who drink it, serve it, sell it, buy it, carry it, have it carried to them, brew it, have it brewed and consume its price.”
Another Hadith
Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Al-Bayhaqi

[samia2010oct- Ahmad ibn al-Husayn ibn `Ali ibn `Abd Allah ibn Musa, Abu Bakr al-Bayhaqi al-Naysaburi al-Khusrawjirdi al-Shafi`i al-Ash`ari (384 H/ 994 CE458 H/ 1065 CEhttp://sunnah.org/wordpress/2008/07/18/imam-bayhaqi/ ]

recorded that Sa`d

[samia2010oct: Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas [Abu Ishaq] Companion.(RA) [1st Generation] Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas (Malik) b. Uhaib b. ‘Abd Manaf b. Zuhrah b. Kilab b. Murrah b. Ka’b b. 39 BH/584 CE (Makkah) d. 55 AH/664 CE ((Al-‘Atiq) Medina)[ Natural ] Areas of interest: Recitation/Quran, Narrator [ ع – صحابة ], Fiqh, Commander http://muslimscholars.info/manage2.php?submit=scholar&ID=9 ]

said,
“There were four Ayat revealed about Khamr…”
He then said, “A man from Al-Ansar made some food and invited us. We drank Khamr before it was prohibited and became intoxicated, and thus started to boast about our status. The Ansar said that they were better, while Quraysh (the Muhajirin) said that they were better. So a man from the Ansar took a bone and struck Sa`d‘s nose with it and made a flesh wound on it. Ever since that happened, Sa`d‘s nose had a scar from that wound. The Ayah, إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ   (Intoxicants, gambling,) untilفَهَلْ أَنتُم مُّنتَهُونَ  (So, will you not then abstain) was later revealed.”
Muslim

[samia2010oct- Imam Abu’l-Husain ‘Asakir-ud-Din Muslim b. Hajjaj al-Qushayri al-Naisaburi (b. 202 H261H/ 817 CE– d. 874 CE) http://www.sunnah.org/history/Scholars/Imam_muslim.htm ]

recorded this Hadith.
Another Hadith
Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that `Abdullah bin `Amr said,

“This Ayah in the Qur’an,
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالأَنصَابُ وَالأَزْلاَمُ رِجْسٌ مِّنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ
O you who believe! Khamr, Maysir, Ansab, and Azlam are only an abomination of Shaytan‘s handiwork. So avoid that in order that you may be successful. (5:90)
was also in the Tawrah;
`Allah has sent down truth to eradicate falsehood, joyful play, flute or wind instruments, Zafan (dances) and Kibarat (referring to cabarets using the lute and bagpipe), tambourine, guitar, harp and lyric and love poetry. And Khamr is bitter for those who taste it. Allah has vowed by His grace and power, `Whoever drinks it after I prohibited it, I will make him thirsty on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever abandons it after I prohibited it, I will let him taste it in the residence of Grace (Paradise).”’
Its chain of narration is Sahih
Another Hadith
Ash-Shafii

[samia2010oct: Imam Ash-Shafi’i: Abu ‘Abdullah Muhammad ibn Idriss famous as Imam Ash-Shafi’i. born in Gaza, Palestine in 150H / 767CE, died in the year 820CE in Egypt. http://sunnahonline.com/library/biographies/376-muhammad-ibn-idriss-ash-shafii ]

narrated that Malik

[samia2010oct: Imam Malik: [Abu Abdullah, Malik ibn Anas ibn Malik ibn Amer al-Asbahee was born in Madinah in the year 93 A.H. (714 CE) and died on Monday 14th of Rabi-ul-Awwal 179 A H., in Madinah, is buried in the famous al-Baqie cemetery. http://www.haqislam.org/imam-malik/ ]

narrated that Nafi`

[samia2010oct: Nafi’ bin Jubayr bin Mut’im [Abu Muhammad, Abu ‘Abdullah] Nafi’ bin Jubayr bin Mut’im b. ‘Adi b. Nawfal b. ‘Abd Manaf b. Qusayy b. Kilab b. Murra b. Ka’b Follower(Tabi’) [3rd Generation] b. (Medina) d. ~99 AH (Medina)[ Natural ] Places of stay: Medina. Areas of interest:  Narrator[Grade:Thiqah Thiqah] [ ع – ثقة ] http://muslimscholars.info/manage2.php?submit=scholar&ID=11059 ]

said that Ibn Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said,
مَنْ شَرِبَ الْخَمْرَ فِي الدُّنْيَا ثُمَّ لَمْ يَتُبْ مِنْهَا حُرِمَهَا فِي الآخِرَة
Whoever drinks Khamr in the life of this world and does not repent from it, will be deprived of it in the Hereafter.
Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded this Hadith.
Muslim recorded that Ibn Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said,
كُلُّ مُسْكِرٍ خَمْرٌ، وَكُلُّ مُسْكِرٍ حَرَامٌ،
وَمَنْ شَرِبَ الْخَمْرَ فَمَاتَ وَهُوَ يُدْمِنُهَا وَلَمْ يَتُبْ مِنْهَا، لَمْ يَشْرَبْهَا فِي الْآخِرَة
Every intoxicant is Khamr, and every intoxicant is unlawful.
Whoever drinks Khamr and dies while addicted to it, without repenting from drinking it, will not drink it in the Hereafter.
Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Harith bin Hisham

[samia2010oct: ‘Abdur Rahman ibn al-Harith [Abu Muhammad] Companion.(RA) [1st Generation] Full name: ‘Abdur Rahman ibn al-Harith ibn Hisham b. al-Mughirah b. ‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar b. Makhzum b. 1 AH (Makkah) d. 43 AH/663 CE (Medinah)[ Natural ] Places of stay: Makkah/Medina. Areas of interest: Recitation/Quran, Narrator [ خ 4 – صحابة ] http://muslimscholars.info/manage2.php?submit=scholar&ID=448 ]

said that he heard Uthman bin Affan

[samia2010oct: ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affaan [Dhun-Nurayn, Abu ‘Abdullah] Comp.(RA) [1st Generation] Full name: ‘Uthman Ibn ‘Affan b. Abi al-‘As b. Umayya b. ‘Abd Shams b. ‘Abd Manaf b. Qusayy b. Kilab b. Murrah b. 47 BH/579 CE (Ta’if) d. 35 AH/655 CE (Medinah)[ Martyred ] Places of stay: Makkah/Abyssinia/Medinah. Areas of interest: Tafsir/Quran, Narrator [ ع – صحابة ], Fiqh, Commander, Khalifah http://muslimscholars.info/manage2.php?submit=scholar&ID=4 ]

saying,
“Avoid Khamr, for it is the mother of all sins.
There was a man before your time who used to worship Allah secluded from the people. Later, an evil woman loved him and sent her female servant to him saying that they wanted him to witness something. So he went with the servant. Whenever they went through the door, she locked it behind them, until he reached a beautiful woman with a young servant boy and some alcohol. She said to him, `By Allah! I did not invite you to be a witness for anything, but called you to have sex with me, kill this boy or drink this alcohol.’
So she gave him some alcohol, and he kept asking for more until he (became intoxicated and) had sex with her and killed the boy.
Therefore, avoid Khamr, because it is never combined with faith, but one of them is bound to expel the other (from the heart).”
This was recorded by Al-Bayhaqi.
This statement has an authentic chain of narration.
Abu Bakr bin Abi Ad-Dunya recorded this statement in his book on the prohibition of intoxicants, but he related it from the Prophet.
Relating it from Uthman is more authentic, and Allah knows best.
Ahmad bin Hanbal

[samia2010oct: Full name: Imam Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hambal (b. 164 A.H Baghdad/ 780 CE. – d. 241 A.H./ 855 CE Baghdad)  http://www.renaissance.com.pk/mjuletfor96.html ]

recorded that Ibn Abbas

[samia2010oct: Abdullah ibn Abbas, b. 619 CE, d. 690 CE/ 70 AH. Abdullah was the son of Abbas, an uncle of the noble Prophet. He was born just three years before the Hijrah. He passed away at the age of seventy one in the mountainous city of Taif. http://www.sunnah.org/history/Sahaba/abbas.html ]

said,
“When Khamr was prohibited, some people said, `O Allah’s Messenger! What about our brethren who died while still drinking Khamr?’
Allah sent down the Ayah, لَيْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّالِحَاتِ جُنَاحٌ فِيمَا طَعِمُواْ (Those who believe and do righteous good deeds, there is no sin on them for what they ate), until the end of the Ayah.
When the Qiblah (direction of the prayer) was changed (from Jerusalem to Makkah), some people asked, `O Allah’s Messenger! What about our brethren who died while still praying toward Jerusalem’
Allah sent down,
وَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيُضِيعَ إِيمَـنَكُمْ
And Allah would never make your faith to be lost.” (2:143)
Abdullah bin Mas`ud said that the Prophet said,
when the Ayah, لَيْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّالِحَاتِ جُنَاحٌ فِيمَا طَعِمُواْ إِذَا مَا اتَّقَواْ وَّآمَنُواْ (Those who believe and do righteous good deeds, there is no sin on them for what they ate, if they have Taqwa, and believe…) was revealed,
قِيلَ لِي: أَنْتَ مِنْهُم
I was told, that you are among them.
This is the narration that Muslim, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i collected.
إِذَا مَا اتَّقَواْ وَّآمَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّالِحَاتِ ثُمَّ اتَّقَواْ وَّآمَنُواْ ثُمَّ اتَّقَواْ وَّأَحْسَنُواْ وَاللّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ ﴿٩٣﴾
if they have Taqwa and believe and do righteous good deeds, and they (again) have Taqwa and believe, and then (once again) have Taqwa and perform good. And Allah loves the good-doers.

Notes by samia2010oct: Verse 90. This Verse tells us that the use of any kind of intoxicants, gambling, sacrifices at altars of idols, and using arrows for seeking luck or for decision making, are extremely dirty, filthy, unpleasant, hateful, and disliked works of Satan. These are Big Sins for which there is the punishment of unbearable Hell Fire.

  

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