Whoever commits a fault or a sin and then throws it on to someone innocent, he has indeed burdened himself with falsehood and a manifest sin. Quran 4:110-112

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Quran: Chapter 5 ‘Wal Muhsanaat’, Sura: 4 ‘An-Nisa’ ‘The Women’, Verse 110-112

Verse 110: And whoever does evil or wrongs himself but afterwards seeks Allah’s forgiveness, he will find Allah Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Verse 111: And whoever earns sin, he earns it only against himself. And Allah is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise.

Verse 112: And whoever commits a fault or a sin and then throws it on to someone innocent, he has indeed burdened himself with falsehood and a manifest sin.

Difficult words: Manifest: clear, unmistakable, visible, obvious, noticeable

Explanation by Ibne Kathir (702 Hijri- 774 H/ 1301 Christian Era–1373CE)

The Encouragement to Seek Allah’s Forgiveness, and Warning those who Falsely Accuse Innocent People

Allah emphasizes His generosity and kindness, in that He forgives whoever repents to Him from whatever evil they commit.

Allah said,

وَمَن يَعْمَلْ سُوءًا أَوْ يَظْلِمْ نَفْسَهُ ثُمَّ يَسْتَغْفِرِ اللّهَ يَجِدِ اللّهَ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا ﴿١١٠﴾

And whoever does evil or wrongs himself but afterwards seeks Allah’s forgiveness, he will find Allah Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Ali bin Abi Talhah said that Ibn Abbas commented about this Ayah,

“Allah informs His servants of His forgiveness, forbearing generosity and expansive mercy. So whoever commits a sin, whether minor or major,

ثُمَّ يَسْتَغْفِرِ اللّهَ يَجِدِ اللّهَ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا

(but afterwards seeks Allah’s forgiveness, he will find Allah Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful), even if his sins were greater than the heavens, the earth and the mountains.”

Imam Ahmad recorded that Ali said,

“Whenever I hear anything from the Messenger of Allah, Allah benefits me with whatever He wills of that. Abu Bakr told me, and Abu Bakr has said the truth, that the Messenger of Allah said,

مَا مِنْ مُسْلِمٍ يُذْنِبُ ذَنْبًا، ثُمَّ يَتَوَضَّأُ فَيُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ، ثُمَّ يَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ لِذلِكَ الذَّنْبِ، إِلَّا غَفَرَ لَه

No Muslim commits a sin and then performs ablution, prays two Rak`ahs and begs Allah for forgiveness for that sin, but He forgives him.

He then recited these two Ayat,

وَمَن يَعْمَلْ سُوءًا أَوْ يَظْلِمْ نَفْسَهُ

(And whoever does evil or wrongs himself), (4:110) and,

وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا فَعَلُواْ فَاحِشَةً أَوْ ظَلَمُواْ أَنْفُسَهُمْ

(And those who, when they have committed Fahishah or wronged themselves with evil).” (3:135)

Allah’s statement,

وَمَن يَكْسِبْ إِثْمًا فَإِنَّمَا يَكْسِبُهُ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ …

And whoever earns sin, he earns it only against himself.

is similar to His statement,

وَلاَ تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَى

And no bearer of burdens shall bear the burden of another. (35:18)

So no one will avail anyone else. Rather, every soul, and none else, shall carry its own burden.

This is why Allah said,

وَكَانَ اللّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا ﴿١١١﴾

And Allah is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise.

meaning, this occurs due to His knowledge, wisdom, fairness and mercy.

وَمَن يَكْسِبْ خَطِيئَةً أَوْ إِثْمًا ثُمَّ يَرْمِ بِهِ بَرِيئًا فَقَدِ احْتَمَلَ بُهْتَانًا وَإِثْمًا مُّبِينًا ﴿١١٢﴾

And whoever earns a fault or a sin and then blames it on someone innocent, he has indeed burdened himself with falsehood and a manifest sin.

Notes by samia2010oct: Whenever one commits a wrong action, a fault or a sin it is always because of one’s own bad intentions, foolishness or mistakes. Therefore whenever one commits a wrong action, a fault or a sin one must quickly realize his/ her wrong action, fault or sin and without wasting any time must seek Allah’s forgiveness. He/ she will find Allah Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. One who instead of going to Allah for His Forgiveness, insists upon his/ her wrong actions and try to justify his/her wrong actions by making excuses, is committer of Big Sin, Gunaah e Kabira. Also if one commits a fault or a sin and then puts the blame of his/ her fault or sin upon some other innocent person falsely, he/ she is committer of Big Sin, Gunaah e Kabira. For Big Sins, Gunaah e Kabira, there is the punishment of unbearable burning of whole body by Unending Fire.

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