In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Quran: Chapter 26, ‘Ha Meem’, Sura: 49 ‘Al Hujurat’ ‘The Dwellings’, Verse: 4
Verse 4: Verily those who call you from behind the dwellings, most of them have no sense.
Verse 5: And if they had patience till you could come out to them, it would have been better for them. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Explanation by Ibne Kathir: [The respected Imam, Abu Al-Fida’, `Imad Ad-Din Isma il bin ‘Umar bin Kathir Al-Qurashi Al-Busrawi– born in Busra 701 H– died in Damascus in 774 H/ b. 1301 Christian Era– d. 1373CE. http://www.dar-us-salam.com/authors/hafiz-ibn-kathir.htm ]
Admonishing Those Who call the Prophet from behind Dwellings
Verily, those who call you from behind the dwellings,
Allah the Exalted and Most Blessed admonished those, such as the uncivilized Bedouins, who used to call to the Prophet from behind the dwellings which belong to his wives,
… أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْقِلُونَ ﴿٤﴾
most of them have no sense.
Allah the Exalted and Most Honored then ordains the better behavior in this regard,
وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ صَبَرُوا حَتَّى تَخْرُجَ إِلَيْهِمْ لَكَانَ خَيْرًا لَّهُمْ …
And if they had patience till you could come out to them, it would have been better for them.
it would have earned them the better benefit of this life and the Hereafter.
Allah, Worthy of all praise, then encourages them to turn to Him in repentance.
… وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ ﴿٥﴾
And Allah is Forgiving, Most Merciful.
It was reported that this Ayah was revealed about Al-Aqra bin Habis At-Tamimi, may Allah be pleased with him, according to more than one source.
Imam Ahmad recorded
[Full name Imam Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hambal (164 A.H. /780 CE. — 241 A.H. / 855 CE) http://www.renaissance.com.pk/mjuletfor96.html ]
that Al-Aqra bin Habis said that he called the Messenger of Allah from behind his dwellings, saying, “O Muhammad! O Muhammad!” “O Allah’s Messenger!” but the Messenger did not answer him, according to another narration, Al-Aqra` said, “O Allah’s Messenger.
Explanation by samia2010oct: Prophet Muhammad PBUH, no matter what the situation was, was always a polite person. People around him were normal people of that time. Before Islam they were living a life that was usual and accepted way of life at that time. Verse 4: is exclusively concerning the Bedouins of that time, as to how the Bedouins must behave when they come from desert to meet the Last Prophet. The Bedouins are told when they come from desert to meet the Prophet PBUH, they must not call the Prophet again and again impatiently. They must exercise patience and wait patiently for the Prophet to come out.
We learn from the people of the Prophet Muhammad’s time because they were direct learners of etiquettes by the Prophet PBUH himself. They are city dwellers or Bedouins from desert they are beacon of light for us, the people of today. Therefore in light of this Verse 4: we find that our personalities must be molded as the personalities of people of Prophet’s time were molded by the Prophet PBUH. Through this Verse 4, we learn to exercise patience. We learn how we must behave when we go to visit someone at their place. How must we behave when we have to stand at the door waiting for the door to be opened? The best way is after knocking once or twice, or ringing the call bell once or twice we must quietly exercise patience and wait patiently for the dwellers to open the door. We must not keep shouting the dwellers names or keep on knocking repeatedly or keep on ringing the call bell repeatedly which may annoy, offend or torture the dwellers. All kinds of torture are Major Sins and are prohibited. Major Sins have punishment of burning by unending Hell Fire.
All good actions which Allah Orders in Quran which we must do have great rewards in this world and in the Hereafter. And all actions which are disliked by Allah and which Allah prohibits in Quran are the bad actions. They fall in the category of Major Sins. For all Major Sins there is the punishment of burning by unending Hell Fire. For many Major Sins the punishment starts from this world and continues till the Hereafter.
It is a Major Sin to continuously shout, knock or bang at the door or ring the call bell continuously while waiting outside a person’s place till they open. It may annoy, offend or torture the dwellers that make it a Major Sin. For all Major Sins there is the punishment of burning by unending Hell Fire. For many Major Sins the punishment starts from this world and continues till the Hereafter.