If two parties (or groups) among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both. But if one of them outrages against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which outrages till it complies with the Command of Allah. Then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily, Allah loves those who are the equitable. Quran: 49: 9

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

Quran: Chapter 26, ‘Ha Meem’, Sura: 49 ‘Al Hujurat’ ‘The Dwellings’, Verse: 9

Verse 9: And if two parties (or groups) among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both. But if one of them outrages against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which outrages till it complies with the Command of Allah. Then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily, Allah loves those who are the equitable.

Difficult words by samia2010oct: Outrages: angers, furies, annoys, offends. Complies: obeys, fulfills, abides by, submits, act in accordance with. Equitable: evenhanded, fair, reasonable, impartial, just, and unbiased.

Explanation by Ibne Kathir: [The respected Imam, Abu Al-Fida’, `Imad Ad-Din Isma il bin ‘Umar bin Kathir Al-Qurashi Al-Busrawi– born in Busra 701 H– died in Damascus in 774 H/ b. 1301 Christian Era– d. 1373CEhttp://www.dar-us-salam.com/authors/hafiz-ibn-kathir.htm ]

Making Peace between Disputing Muslims

Allah commands making peace between Muslims that fight each other,

وَإِن طَائِفَتَانِ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اقْتَتَلُوا فَأَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَهُمَا …                        

And if two parties among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both.

Therefore, Allah calls both opposing groups among Muslims, believers, although they are fighting each other. Al-Bukhari and other scholars relied on this Hadith as evidence that committing a sin does not nullify faith, no matter how major the sin is. This creed contradicts the creed of the Khawarij sect and those who accepted their idea, such as the Mutazilah sect.

Difficult words by samia2010oct: Al-Bukhari: Imâm Abû `Abdullâh Muhammad ibn Ismâ`îl al-Bukhârî (194 H- 265 H / 809 CE- 878 CE) http://www.sunnah.org/history/Scholars/imam_bukhari.htm Creed: statement of belief, article of faith.Khawarij: Anyone who walks out against (seeking to overthrow) the true appointedImam (leader) upon whose leadership the majority is in agreement is called a Khariji. This is the case, despite whether the walking out (against the Imam) occurred in the days of the Rightly-Guided caliphs or other than them from the Tabiʿeen. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kharijites#cite_note-2

The Khwarij, who strongly resisted the arbitration between the two parties (between the fourth caliph ‘Ali (RA) and his Syrian adversary Mu’wawiya (RA)), turned this political problem into a theological one, and for the first time the Islamic community saw a theological debate over theconcept of the grave sinner, whether the grave sinners belong to the Islamic community or not.[http://www.ijma.org.uk/features/Mutazila.html] Mutazilah: As he sat in a circle in a mosque with al-Hasan al-Basri (21 H Medina- 110 H Friday 5th of Rajab Basra/ 642 CE–728 CE), Wasil ibn ‘Ata inquired as to the place of a sinning Muslim, if he was to be considered a believer or an unbeliever. Upon the response that the individual was nonetheless a Muslim, Wasil dissented, suggesting that the sinner was neither a believer nor an unbeliever. With that, Wasil withdrew from the circle of al-Hasan al-Basri, and was followed by ‘Amr ibn ‘Ubayd and others.[4] Al-Hasan’s remark, “Wasil has withdrawn from us”, is believed to be the origin of the movement’s name. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mu’tazila 

The Mu’tazila, which incorporates the rational thoughts of various trends from both within and outside the Islamic traditions, have attempted and sought to fathom God and revelations within the bounds of human reason.[http://www.ijma.org.uk/features/Mutazila.html]

Continue explanation by Ibne Kathir (702 AH- 774 AH/ 1301 CE–1373 CE): Al-Bukhari narrated that Al-Hasan said that Abu Bakrah said; the Messenger of Allah gave a speech on the Minbar while Al-Hasan bin Ali was with him. He was repeatedly looking at Al-Hasan and then at the people; then said,  

إِنَّ ابْنِي هذَا سَيِّدٌ وَلَعَلَّ اللهَ تَعَالَى أَنْ يُصْلِحَ بِهِ بَيْنَ فِئَتَيْنِ عَظِيمَتَيْنِ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِين

Verily, this son of mine is a Sayyid (chief or master), and may Allah make peace between two great groups of Muslims through him.

What the Prophet said, occurred. Al-Hasan brought peace between the people of Ash-Sham and Iraq, after they fought tremendous wars and frightening battles.

Allah‘s statement,

… فَإِن بَغَتْ إِحْدَاهُمَا عَلَى الْأُخْرَى فَقَاتِلُوا الَّتِي تَبْغِي حَتَّى تَفِيءَ إِلَى أَمْرِ اللَّهِ ….

But if one of them outrages against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which outrages till it complies with the command of Allah.

means, until the rebellious group refers to the commands of Allah and His Messenger for judgement and they listen to and obey the truth.

There is a Hadith in the Sahih in which Anas states that the Messenger of Allah said,

انْصُرْ أَخَاكَ ظَالِمًا أَوْ مَظْلُومًا

Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or he is oppressed.

“I asked, `O Allah’s Messenger! It is right that I help him if he is oppressed, but how should I help him if he is an oppressor?’

He said,

تَمْنَعُهُ مِنَ الظُّلْمِ فَذَاكَ نَصْرُكَ إِيَّاه

By preventing him from oppressing others; this is how you help him in this case.”

Sa`id bin Jubayr said that tribes of Aws and Khazraj once got in a scuffle using date tree branches and slippers. Allah revealed this honorable Ayah commanding them to make peace between them.

As-Suddi said, “A man from Al-Ansar, whose name was Imran, had a wife called Umm Zayd. She wanted to visit her family, but her husband prevented her from visiting them by locking her in an upper room. So, none of her family could visit or see her. She sent someone to her family. They came, took her down from the room and wanted to take her away. Her husband was absent at the time, so his family called on their people. Their cousins came to help prevent the wife from going with her family. A push and shove situation occurred that led to them fighting using slippers.

This Ayah was then revealed in their case, and the Messenger of Allah sent someone to bring peace between them, and they both agreed to resort to the decision of Allah the Exalted.”

The statement of Allah the Exalted, next,

… فَإِن فَاءتْ فَأَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَهُمَا بِالْعَدْلِ وَأَقْسِطُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ ﴿٩﴾

Then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily, Allah loves those who are the equitable.

means, be fair in your judgment regarding the dispute that occurred between them,

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ (Verily, Allah loves those who are the equitable), Ibn Abi Hatim recorded, that Abdullah bin `Amr said that the Messenger of Allah said,

إِنَّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ فِي الدُّنْيَا عَلَى مَنَابِرَ مِنْ لُؤْلُؤٍ بَيْنَ يَدَيِ الرَّحْمنِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِمَا أَقْسَطُوا فِي الدُّنْيَا

Verily, those who are equitable in this life, will be on podiums made of pearls before Ar-Rahman, the Exalted and Most Honored, on account of their fairness in this life.

An-Nasa’I collected this Hadith.

Difficult words by samia2010oct: Podium: dais, platform, stage, pedestal. An-Nasa’I: Imam Aḥmad ibn Shu`ayb ibn `Alī ibn Sīnān Abū `Abd ar-Raḥmān al-Nasā’ī (214 -303 AH/ ca. 829 – 915 AD/CE) http://sunnah.com/nasai/about

http://www.quran4u.com/Tafsir%20Ibn%20Kathir/049%20Hujurat.htm

Explanation by samia2010oct: Muslim unity is supreme in the Glorious Eyes of Allah. Great rewards are for those who make peace between two fighting Muslim groups. By same explanation it is Big Sin, Major Sin, Gunaahe Kabira, to create situations to make Muslims fight each other. It is Major Sin to break peace, to create clash, war like and battle situations, and to create unjustness, cruelty and oppression in society. For all Major Sins there is the punishment of burning by unending Hell Fire. For many Major Sins the punishment starts from this world and continues in the Hereafter.

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