In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Quran: Chapter 5, ‘Wal Muhsanat’ ‘And Married’, Sura: 4 ‘An-Nisa’ ‘The Women’, Verse: 85
Verse 85: Whosoever intercedes for a good cause will have the reward thereof, and whosoever intercedes for an evil cause will have a share in its burden. And Allah is Ever All Able to do (and also an All Witness to) everything.
[Intervene, mediate, negotiate, arbitrate. Urdu meaning: sifarish kerna,, targheeb dena]
Explanation by Ibne Kathir: [The respected Imam, Abu Al-Fida’, `Imad Ad-Din Isma il bin ‘Umar bin Kathir Al-Qurashi Al-Busrawi– born in Busra 701 H– died in Damascus in 774 H// b. 1301 Christian Era– d. 1373CE. http://www.dar-us-salam.com/authors/hafiz-ibn-kathir.htm ]
Interceding for a Good or an Evil Cause:
مَّن يَشْفَعْ شَفَاعَةً حَسَنَةً يَكُن لَّهُ نَصِيبٌ مِّنْهَا …
Whosoever intercedes for a good cause, will have the reward thereof;
meaning, whoever intercedes in a matter that produces good results, will acquire a share in that good.
… وَمَن يَشْفَعْ شَفَاعَةً سَيِّئَةً يَكُن لَّهُ كِفْلٌ مِّنْهَا …
And whosoever intercedes for an evil cause, will have a share in its burden.
meaning, he will carry a burden due to what resulted from his intercession and intention.
For instance, it is recorded in the Sahih that the Prophet said,
اشْفَعُوا تُؤْجَرُوا، وَيَقْضِي اللهُ عَلى لِسَانِ نَبِيِّهِ مَا شَاء
Intercede and you will gain a reward of it. Yet, Allah shall decide whatever He wills by the words of His Prophet.
Mujahid bin Jabr said,
“This Ayah was revealed about the intercession of people on behalf of each other.”
Allah then said,
… وَكَانَ اللّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُّقِيتًا ﴿٨٥﴾
And Allah is Ever Muqit over everything.
Ibn Abbas, Ata, Atiyah, Qatadah and Matar Al-Warraq said that,
مُّقِيتًا (Muqit) means, “Watcher.”
Mujahid said that;
Muqit means, `Witness’, and in another narration, `Able to do.’
Notes by samia2010oct: To intercede for an evil cause is a Big Sin, a Major Sin, a Gunaahe Kabira in the All Knowing Eyes of Allah SubHanWaTa’ala. For Big Sins, Gunaahe Kabira, there is the punishment of unbearable burning of whole body by Unending Fire. For many Big Sins the punishment starts in this world and continues in the Here After.
Thanks for being with me.